Our energy systems undergo a fundamental change. Where in the past the energy mainly was generated in large power plants using fossil fuels, in the future a large part of the generation will result from small plants in decentralized locations using uncontrollable renewable sources. This leads to a loss of control over a larger fraction of the generation. To be able to compensate for this loss in flexibility on the generation side, we have to create and use flexibility on the consumption side. This has led to the concept of ‘Smart Grids’ and ‘Decentralized Energy Management’ is seen as a key element for these Smart Grids. In this talk we first give an overview of the relevant developments in the Energy Supply Chain. Based on the changes we sketch possible concepts and methods for future control of these supply chains. Hereby Decentralized Energy Management is seen as one of the key elements. In a second part, we argue that devices with inherent storage offer large portions of flexibility and discus a range of scheduling problems that come up for these devices. For a few of these problems we sketch possible solution approaches.
1 Sep 2016
International Conference of the German Operations Research Society, OR 2016