• 13675 Citations
  • 57 h-Index

Research output per year

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Personal profile

Personal profile

Arjen Hoekstra (1967-2019) was Professor in Water Management at the University of Twente, and Visiting Professor at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy at the National University of Singapore. He held an MSc degree in Civil Engineering and a PhD degree in Policy Analysis, both from Delft University of Technology. Hoekstra has led a variety of interdisciplinary research projects and advised governments, civil society organizations, companies and multilateral institutions like UNESCO and the World Bank. Hoekstra received various awards, including an ERC Advanced Grant, Europe's most prestigious research grant.

Hoekstra pioneered in quantifying the water volumes virtually embedded in trade, thus showing the relevance of a global perspective on water use and scarcity. As creator of the water footprint concept, Hoekstra introduced supply-chain thinking in water management. With the development of Water Footprint Assessment he laid the foundation of a new interdisciplinary research field, addressing the relations between water management, consumption and trade. Hoekstra was founder of the Water Footprint Network (2008), co-initiator of the Water Footprint Research Alliance (2015) and founding member of the Planetary Accounting Network (2018).

Hoekstra's scientific publications cover a wide range of topics related to water, food, energy and trade and include a large number of highly cited articles and book chapters. His books were translated into several languages and include The Water Footprint of Modern Consumer Society (Routledge, 2013, 2019), The Water Footprint Assessment Manual (Earthscan, 2011) and Globalization of Water (Wiley-Blackwell, 2008). Hoekstra was Editor-in-Chief of Water, an interdisciplinary open-access journal covering all aspects of water, including water science, technology, management and governance.

Hoekstra has been teaching in a variety of subjects, including: sustainable development, water management, river basin management, hydrology, water quality, water footprint assessment, natural resources valuation, environmental systems analysis, and policy analysis. He developed various educational tools, including the River Basin Game and the Globalization of Water Role Play.

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Research Output

Capping Human Water Footprints in the World's River Basins

Hogeboom, RJ., de Bruin, D., Schyns, J. F., Krol, MS. & Hoekstra, A. Y., 1 Feb 2020, In : Earth's Future. 8, 2, e2019EF001363.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
  • 12 Downloads (Pure)

    Reducing food waste and changing cropping patterns to reduce water consumption and pollution in cereal production in Iran

    Karandish, F., Hoekstra, A. Y. & Hogeboom, R. J., 30 Mar 2020, In : Journal of hydrology. 586, p. 124881

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    The grey water footprint of human and veterinary pharmaceuticals

    Wöhler, L., Niebaum, G., Krol, M. & Hoekstra, A. Y., 1 May 2020, In : Water research X. 7, 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Open Access
  • 68 Downloads (Pure)

    Treenuts and groundnuts in the EAT-Lancet reference diet: Concerns regarding sustainable water use

    Vanham, D., Mekonnen, M. M. & Hoekstra, A. Y., Mar 2020, In : Global Food Security. 24, 100357.

    Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveyAcademicpeer-review

    Open Access
  • 2 Citations (Scopus)
    55 Downloads (Pure)

    Water-saving agriculture can deliver deep water cuts for China

    Huang, G., Hoekstra, A. Y., Krol, M. S., Jägermeyr, J., Galindo, A., Yu, C. & Wang, R., 1 Mar 2020, In : Resources, conservation and recycling. 154, 104578.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Open Access
  • 2 Citations (Scopus)
    13 Downloads (Pure)


    2012 Media Award

    Arjen Ysbert Hoekstra (Recipient), 7 Jan 2013


    2012 Sustainable top-100

    Arjen Ysbert Hoekstra (Recipient), 2012

    Prize: Other distinction

    2013 Media Award

    Arjen Ysbert Hoekstra (Recipient), 6 Jan 2014


    2013 Sustainable top-100

    Arjen Ysbert Hoekstra (Recipient), 10 Oct 2013

    Prize: Other distinction

    2016 Media Award

    Arjen Ysbert Hoekstra (Recipient), 9 Jan 2017



    • 1 Oral presentation

    Water accounting: virtual water transfers and water footprints

    Maite Martinez-Aldaya (Speaker), Arjen Ysbert Hoekstra (Speaker)
    29 Oct 200831 Oct 2008

    Activity: Talk or presentationOral presentation

    Press / Media

    Eén hamburger staat gelijk aan zeven weken douchen

    Arjen Y. Hoekstra & H. Prast


    1 Media contribution

    Press/Media: Other