λ-backbone colorings along pairwise disjoint stars and matchings

Haitze J. Broersma, J. Fujisawa, L. Marchal, Daniël Paulusma, M. Salman, K. Yoshimoto

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Abstract

Given an integer $\lambda \ge 2$, a graph $G=(V,E)$ and a spanning subgraph $H$ of $G$ (the backbone of $G$), a $\lambda$-backbone coloring of $(G,H)$ is a proper vertex coloring $V\to\{1,2,\ldots\}$ of $G$, in which the colors assigned to adjacent vertices in $H$ differ by at least $\lambda$. We study the case where the backbone is either a collection of pairwise disjoint stars or a matching. We show that for a star backbone $S$ of $G$ the minimum number $\ell$ for which a $\lambda$-backbone coloring of $(G,S)$ with colors in $\{1,\ldots,\ell\}$ exists can roughly differ by a multiplicative factor of at most $2-{1\over \lambda}$ from the chromatic number $\chi(G)$. For the special case of matching backbones this factor is roughly $2-{2\over\lambda +1}$. We also show that the computational complexity of the problem “Given a graph $G$ with a star backbone $S$, and an integer $\ell$, is there a $\lambda$-backbone coloring of $(G,S)$ with colors in $\{1,\ldots,\ell\}$?��? jumps from polynomially solvable to NP-complete between $\ell=\lambda+1$ and $\ell =\lambda+2$ (the case $\ell=\lambda+2$ is even NP-complete for matchings). We finish the paper by discussing some open problems regarding planar graphs.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)5596-5609
Number of pages14
JournalDiscrete mathematics
Volume309
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sep 2009

Cite this

Broersma, H. J., Fujisawa, J., Marchal, L., Paulusma, D., Salman, M., & Yoshimoto, K. (2009). λ-backbone colorings along pairwise disjoint stars and matchings. Discrete mathematics, 309(18), 5596-5609. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.disc.2008.04.007