1D squeeze flow analysis of chopped long fibre thermoplastic composite

W. Ali*, Y.M. Buser, A.E. Abdouni, U. Sachs, H.J.M. Geijselaers, R. Akkerman

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Long fibre thermoplastic (LFTs) in the form of chopped tapes are well known as they combine relatively high mechanical performance and good formability compared to respectively short and continuous fibre reinforced composites. Complex shapes can be manufactured with high fibre content with compression moulding [1], which makes these thermoplastic composite chopped tapes a good candidate for industrial applications. During moulding, the flow of fibre reinforced polymer leads to an altered fibre orientation distribution which affects the final mechanical properties of the part [1-4]. In order to predict the mechanical performance, it is therefore important to understand the mould filling behaviour of the LFTs. In spite of being used in the industry for quite a long time, the complex flow behaviour of LFTs in processes like compression moulding is still a challenge to predict. Although the flow in the compression moulding process is usually limited, it is critical for the final part quality. In flat geometries, it is not known whether flow during mould filling is affine/single-phase where polymer and fibres move together or dual-phase where they move separately, which can result in fibre-matrix separation. In order to model the compression moulding process, one needs to know either single- or dual-phase flow is applicable. The objective of this work is to investigate the separation of the resin from fibres and to realize this objective, 1D squeeze flow experiments are performed in a flat geometry. Chopped unidirectional tapes of carbon/polyethersulfone were used for the experiments. Different processing conditions were used in experiments with a mould which was filled only partially. A burn-off method was used to analyze the fibre mass fraction. The samples for the burn-off test were taken along the flow direction. Results of polymer burn-off did not show significant changes in the fibre mass fraction along the flow direction and therefore the flow can be assumed to behave as a single-phase flow.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationICCM22 2019
    Place of PublicationMelbourne
    PublisherEngineers Australia
    Pages143-150
    ISBN (Print)9781925627220
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    Event22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM 2019 - Melbourne, Australia
    Duration: 11 Aug 201916 Aug 2019
    Conference number: 22

    Conference

    Conference22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM 2019
    Abbreviated titleICCM 2019
    CountryAustralia
    CityMelbourne
    Period11/08/1916/08/19

    Keywords

    • Chopped tape
    • Compression moulding
    • Fibre reinforced thermoplastic
    • Squeeze flow

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