A clinically applicable molecular classification of oncocytic cell thyroid nodules

Elizabeth J. de Koster*, Willem E. Corver, Lioe Fee de Geus-Oei, Wim J.G. Oyen, Dina Ruano, Abbey Schepers, Marieke Snel, Tom van Wezel, Dennis Vriens, Hans Morreau

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Whole chromosome instability with near-whole genome haploidization (GH) and subsequent endoreduplication is considered a main genomic driver in the tumorigenesis of oncocytic cell thyroid neoplasms (OCN). These copy number alterations (CNA) occur less frequently in oncocytic thyroid adenoma (OA) than in oncocytic carcinoma (OCA), suggesting a continuous process. The current study described the CNA patterns in a cohort of 30 benign and malignant OCN, observed using a next-generation sequencing (NGS) panel that assesses genome-wide loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and chromosomal imbalances using 1500 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) across all autosomes and the X chromosome in DNA derived from cytological and histological samples. Observed CNA patterns were verified using multiparameter DNA flow cytometry with or without whole-genome SNP array analysis and lesser-allele intensity-ratio (LAIR) analysis. On CNA–LOH analysis using the NGS panel, GH-type CNA were observed in 4 of 11 (36%) OA and in 14 of 16 OCA (88%). Endoreduplication was suspected in 8 of 16 (50%) OCA, all with more extensive GH-type CNA (P < 0.001). Reciprocal chromosomal imbalance type CNA, characterized by (imbalanced) chromosomal copy number gains and associated with benign disease, were observed in 6 of 11 (55%) OA and one equivocal case of OCA. CNA patterns were different between the histopathological subgroups (P < 0.001). By applying the structured interpretation and considerations provided by the current study, CNA–LOH analysis using an NGS panel that is feasible for daily practice may be of great added value to the widespread application of molecular diagnostics in the diagnosis and risk stratification of OCN.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere230047
JournalEndocrine-related cancer
Volume30
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Aug 2023

Keywords

  • copy number alterations
  • genome haploidization
  • molecular diagnostics
  • oncocytic cell
  • thyroid

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