A colloidal route to fabricate hierarchical sticky and non-sticky substrates

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We present a facile and inexpensive bottom-up colloidal route to prepare sticky superhydrophobic surfaces and non-sticky ones. Either spin coating to assemble silica microspheres into random multilayered arrays or irreversible adsorption of gold nanoparticles is used to manufacture substrates with a single length scale roughness. Hierarchical roughness with multiple length scales is achieved by decorating the silica spheres with gold nanoparticles. The surface chemistry of the silica surfaces is modified by the adsorption of fluoroalkylsilane self-assembled monolayers, while gold nanoparticles are hydrophobized by dodecanethiol. The wetting properties, both static and dynamic, of surfaces in relation to the morphology of the substrates are addressed. We demonstrate the role of hierarchy in the roughness in converting a sticky into a non-sticky superhydrophobic surface and discuss the results in terms of existing models describing wetting characteristics. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-80
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of colloid and interface science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • METIS-287553
  • IR-81170


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