A Comparative Performance Analysis of A 1 MW CIS PV System and a 5 kW Crystalline-Si PV System under the Tropical Climate of Indonesia

Kunaifi Kunaifi, Angelina H.M.E. Reinders, Dimas Kaharudin, Aripriantoni Harmanto, Kirjono Mudiarto

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Abstract

Despite being a tropical country with a great potential for solar power, knowledge about the actual performance of PV systems in Indonesia is limited. In this paper, using a 5 minutes resolution data from 2016 to 2018 from a 1 MW CIS and a 5 kW c-Si PV plants in West Java, we aim at answering the question of how a CIS PV plant performs and degrades in Indonesia’s tropical climate and how is it compared to a PV system which contains c-Si technology? The methodological approach includes the performance analysis of these PV systems according to standard IEC 61724 and the investigation of the degradation rate using NREL/RdTools. The following results could be withdrawn from these analyses: the total annual Hi was 1500 kWh/m2 or around 4.2 kWh/m2/day. The daily-averaged performance ratio, PR, was 91.7%±4% and 87.4%±7%, for CIS system with string inverters and with a central inverter, respectively. The mean PR of CIS systems was 12% higher than that of the c-Si system which is 79.8%. Concerning the final yield, Yf, the CIS system with the mean Yf of 3.85 kWh/kWp outperformed the c-Si system by 14%. The CIS system degraded 1.53% per year which is lower than the c-Si system with a degradation rate (Rd) of 3.72% per year. From these results, it can be concluded that CIS technology performs better than c-Si under Indonesia’s tropical climate. Uncertainties in the calculation and high values of Rd, could be observed further
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1082-1092
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Technology
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2019

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Crystalline materials
Degradation
Solar energy
Climate
Indonesia
Performance analysis
Uncertainty

Keywords

  • Degradation
  • Indonesia
  • Performance
  • PV Systems
  • Tropical climate

Cite this

@article{9faad7e2c4f340598d5b0b4ca4dcb92c,
title = "A Comparative Performance Analysis of A 1 MW CIS PV System and a 5 kW Crystalline-Si PV System under the Tropical Climate of Indonesia",
abstract = "Despite being a tropical country with a great potential for solar power, knowledge about the actual performance of PV systems in Indonesia is limited. In this paper, using a 5 minutes resolution data from 2016 to 2018 from a 1 MW CIS and a 5 kW c-Si PV plants in West Java, we aim at answering the question of how a CIS PV plant performs and degrades in Indonesia’s tropical climate and how is it compared to a PV system which contains c-Si technology? The methodological approach includes the performance analysis of these PV systems according to standard IEC 61724 and the investigation of the degradation rate using NREL/RdTools. The following results could be withdrawn from these analyses: the total annual Hi was 1500 kWh/m2 or around 4.2 kWh/m2/day. The daily-averaged performance ratio, PR, was 91.7{\%}±4{\%} and 87.4{\%}±7{\%}, for CIS system with string inverters and with a central inverter, respectively. The mean PR of CIS systems was 12{\%} higher than that of the c-Si system which is 79.8{\%}. Concerning the final yield, Yf, the CIS system with the mean Yf of 3.85 kWh/kWp outperformed the c-Si system by 14{\%}. The CIS system degraded 1.53{\%} per year which is lower than the c-Si system with a degradation rate (Rd) of 3.72{\%} per year. From these results, it can be concluded that CIS technology performs better than c-Si under Indonesia’s tropical climate. Uncertainties in the calculation and high values of Rd, could be observed further",
keywords = "Degradation, Indonesia, Performance, PV Systems, Tropical climate",
author = "Kunaifi Kunaifi and Reinders, {Angelina H.M.E.} and Dimas Kaharudin and Aripriantoni Harmanto and Kirjono Mudiarto",
year = "2019",
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doi = "10.14716/ijtech.v10i6.3612",
language = "English",
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A Comparative Performance Analysis of A 1 MW CIS PV System and a 5 kW Crystalline-Si PV System under the Tropical Climate of Indonesia. / Kunaifi, Kunaifi; Reinders, Angelina H.M.E.; Kaharudin, Dimas ; Harmanto, Aripriantoni ; Mudiarto, Kirjono .

In: International Journal of Technology, Vol. 10, No. 6, 25.11.2019, p. 1082-1092.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - A Comparative Performance Analysis of A 1 MW CIS PV System and a 5 kW Crystalline-Si PV System under the Tropical Climate of Indonesia

AU - Kunaifi, Kunaifi

AU - Reinders, Angelina H.M.E.

AU - Kaharudin, Dimas

AU - Harmanto, Aripriantoni

AU - Mudiarto, Kirjono

PY - 2019/11/25

Y1 - 2019/11/25

N2 - Despite being a tropical country with a great potential for solar power, knowledge about the actual performance of PV systems in Indonesia is limited. In this paper, using a 5 minutes resolution data from 2016 to 2018 from a 1 MW CIS and a 5 kW c-Si PV plants in West Java, we aim at answering the question of how a CIS PV plant performs and degrades in Indonesia’s tropical climate and how is it compared to a PV system which contains c-Si technology? The methodological approach includes the performance analysis of these PV systems according to standard IEC 61724 and the investigation of the degradation rate using NREL/RdTools. The following results could be withdrawn from these analyses: the total annual Hi was 1500 kWh/m2 or around 4.2 kWh/m2/day. The daily-averaged performance ratio, PR, was 91.7%±4% and 87.4%±7%, for CIS system with string inverters and with a central inverter, respectively. The mean PR of CIS systems was 12% higher than that of the c-Si system which is 79.8%. Concerning the final yield, Yf, the CIS system with the mean Yf of 3.85 kWh/kWp outperformed the c-Si system by 14%. The CIS system degraded 1.53% per year which is lower than the c-Si system with a degradation rate (Rd) of 3.72% per year. From these results, it can be concluded that CIS technology performs better than c-Si under Indonesia’s tropical climate. Uncertainties in the calculation and high values of Rd, could be observed further

AB - Despite being a tropical country with a great potential for solar power, knowledge about the actual performance of PV systems in Indonesia is limited. In this paper, using a 5 minutes resolution data from 2016 to 2018 from a 1 MW CIS and a 5 kW c-Si PV plants in West Java, we aim at answering the question of how a CIS PV plant performs and degrades in Indonesia’s tropical climate and how is it compared to a PV system which contains c-Si technology? The methodological approach includes the performance analysis of these PV systems according to standard IEC 61724 and the investigation of the degradation rate using NREL/RdTools. The following results could be withdrawn from these analyses: the total annual Hi was 1500 kWh/m2 or around 4.2 kWh/m2/day. The daily-averaged performance ratio, PR, was 91.7%±4% and 87.4%±7%, for CIS system with string inverters and with a central inverter, respectively. The mean PR of CIS systems was 12% higher than that of the c-Si system which is 79.8%. Concerning the final yield, Yf, the CIS system with the mean Yf of 3.85 kWh/kWp outperformed the c-Si system by 14%. The CIS system degraded 1.53% per year which is lower than the c-Si system with a degradation rate (Rd) of 3.72% per year. From these results, it can be concluded that CIS technology performs better than c-Si under Indonesia’s tropical climate. Uncertainties in the calculation and high values of Rd, could be observed further

KW - Degradation

KW - Indonesia

KW - Performance

KW - PV Systems

KW - Tropical climate

U2 - 10.14716/ijtech.v10i6.3612

DO - 10.14716/ijtech.v10i6.3612

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SP - 1082

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JO - International Journal of Technology

JF - International Journal of Technology

SN - 2086-9614

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