A comparison of bone formation in biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) and hydroxyapatite (HA) implanted in muscle and bone of dogs at different time periods.

Huipin Yuan, Clemens van Blitterswijk, K. de Groot, Joost Dick de Bruijn

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Abstract

Physicochemical modification could implement synthetic materials into osteoinductive materials, which induce bone formation in nonosseous tissues. We hereby studied the relevance between the osteogenic capacities of osteoinductive materials in nonosseous tissues and in osseous sites. Biphasic calcium phosphate ceramic (BCP) and hydroxyapatite ceramic (HA) were implanted in femoral muscles and femoral cortical bone of dogs for 7, 14, 21, 30, 45, 60, 90, 180, and 360 days, respectively. Two dogs were used in each time point. In each dog, four cylinders (5 × 6 mm) per material were implanted in femoral muscles and 2 cylinders (5 × 6 mm) per material in femoral cortical bone. The harvested samples were processed for both histological and histomorphometric analyses. Bone was observed in BCP implanted in femoral muscles since day 30, while in HA since day 45. Quantitatively, more bone was formed in BCP than in HA at each time point after day 30 (p<0.05). The earlier and more bone formed in BCP than in HA suggests BCP a higher osteoinductive potential than HA in muscle. In femoral cortical bone defects, a bridge of bone in the defect with BCP was observed at day 21, while with HA at day 30. At days 14, 21, and 30, significantly more bone was formed in BCP than in HA (p<0.05). The results herein show that osteogenic capacities of osteoinductive materials in nonosseous tissues and osseous sites are correlated: the higher the osteoinductive potential of the material, the faster the bone repair.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)139-147
JournalJournal of biomedical materials research. Part A
Volume78A
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • bone repair
  • osteogenic capacity
  • Synthetic materials
  • osteoinductive
  • osteoinductive potential
  • IR-72171
  • METIS-236585

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