A Comparison of Drug Delivery into Skin Using Topical Solutions, Needle Injections and Jet Injections

Katharina Cu, Ruchi Bansal, Samir Mitragotri, David Fernandez Rivas

Research output: Working paper

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Abstract

Drug diffusion within the skin with a needle-free micro-jet injection (NFI) device was compared with two well-established delivery methods: topical application and solid needle injection. A permanent make-up (PMU) machine, normally used for dermal pigmentation, was utilized as a solid needle injection method. For NFIs a continuous wave (CW) laser diode was used to create a bubble inside a microfluidic device containing a light absorbing solution. Each method delivered two different solutions into ex-vivo porcine skin. The first solution consisted of a red dye (direct red 81) and rhodamine B in water. The second solution was direct red 81 and rhodamine B in water and glycerol. For PMU experiments, the skin samples were kept stationary and the diffusion depth, width and surface area were measured. The NFI has a higher vertical dispersion velocity of 3 × 105 μm/s compared to topical (0.1 μm/s) and needle injection (53 μm/s). The limitations and advantages of each method are discussed, and we conclude that the micro-jet injector represents a fast and minimally invasive injection method, while the solid needle injector causes notably tissue damage. In contrast, the topical method had the slowest diffusion rate but causes no visible damage to the skin.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherbioRxiv
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jul 2019

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