A dog oviduct-on-a-chip model of serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma

M. de Almeida Monteiro Melo Ferraz*, J.B. Nagashima, B. Venzac, S. Le Gac, N. Songsasen

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Ovarian cancer is the fifth cause of cancer-related mortality in women, with an expected 5-year survival rate of only 47%. High-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC), an epithelial cancer phenotype, is the most common malignant ovarian cancer. It is known that the precursors of HGSC originate from secretory epithelial cells within the Fallopian tube, which first develops as serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma (STIC). Here, we used gene editing by CRISPR-Cas9 to knock out the oncogene p53 in dog oviductal epithelia cultured in a dynamic microfluidic chip to create an in vitro model that recapitulated human STIC. Similar to human STIC, the gene-edited oviduct-on-a-chip, exhibited loss of cell polarization and had reduced ciliation, increased cell atypia and proliferation, with multilayered epithelium, increased Ki67, PAX8 and Myc and decreased PTEN and RB1 mRNA expression. This study provides a biomimetic in vitro model to study STIC progression and to identify potential biomarkers for early detection of HGSC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1575
JournalScientific reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2020

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    de Almeida Monteiro Melo Ferraz, M., Nagashima, J. B., Venzac, B., Le Gac, S., & Songsasen, N. (2020). A dog oviduct-on-a-chip model of serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma. Scientific reports, 10(1), [1575]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-58507-4