A detection scheme for the simultaneous evaluation of two bioassays based on fluorescence spectroscopy is presented. For the determination of hydrogen peroxide-generating enzymes or peroxidases, the non-fluorescent 4-(N-methylhydrazino)-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzooxadiazole (MNBDH) is converted to the strongly fluorescent 4-(N-methylamino)-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzooxadiazole (MNBDA). Phosphatases are detected based on the cleavage of the non-fluorescent 5-fluorosalicyl phosphate (5-FSAP) under formation of the fluorescent 5-fluorosalicylic acid (5-FSA). While excitation of the fluorophores may be carried out at the same wavelength, their emission spectra differ significantly. This allows the read-out of both assays using commercially available microplate readers without additional chemometric tools. Compared with individual assays, limits of detection are similar, and linearity of the calibration functions for both enzymes is observed over 2–3 concentration decades starting at the limit of quantification. The simultaneous determination of glucose oxidase and acid phosphatase in honey is presented as example for the application of the detection scheme.
- Glucose oxidase
- Simultaneous determinations