The relations between the external nutrient loading of lakes, recycling through sediments and the resulting productivity are complicated by feed-back mechanisms, seasonal variations and trends. Simulation is a useful tool for the identification of controlling factors and the assessment of the effects of management measures, supplementary to experimental research. The model variables in our dynamic phosphate budget model include inorganic and organic particulate phosphate and dissolved o-phosphate, in both sediments and overlying water. Sediments may be aerobic or anaerobic, depending on topography, temperature and composition. The major processes described are primary production, mineralisation, sedimentation, adsorption and diffusion. Several model parameters have been estimated directly for Lake Brielle (Netherlands). The sediment dilution rate, the extent of anaerobic conditions and the number and character of adsorption sites are important controlling factors.
- internal loading