A feasibility study of the effect of multichannel electrical stimulation and gravity compensation on hand function in stroke patients: A pilot study

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Many stroke patients have to cope with impaired arm and hand function. As a feasibility study, gravity compensation (GC) and multichannel electrical stimulation (ES) were applied to the forearm of eight stroke patients to study potential effects on dexterity. ES was triggered by positional data of the subject's hand relative to the objects that had to be grasped. Dexterity was evaluated by means of the Box and Blocks Test (BBT). The BBT was performed with four combinations of support; with and without GC and with and without ES. In all patients, it was possible to induce sufficient hand opening for grasping a block of the BBT by means of ES. There was no significant increase in dexterity as measured with the BBT. GC and/or ES did not improve instantaneous dexterity in a small sample of stroke patients although sufficient hand opening was reached in all patients. More research in a larger sample of stroke patients with more specific and more sophisticated control algorithms is needed to explore beneficial effects of GC and ES on hand function in post stroke rehabilitation
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2013, Seattle, U.S.A., 24-26 June 2013
Place of PublicationSeattle, U.S.A.
PublisherIEEE
Pages1-6
ISBN (Print)9781467360227
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jun 2013
EventIEEE 13th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2013: Design and Control of Robotic Exoskeletons with Compliant Joints and Actuation Systems - University of Washington , Seattle, United States
Duration: 24 Jun 201326 Jun 2013
Conference number: 13
https://depts.washington.edu/uwconf/icorr2013/

Publication series

Name
PublisherIEEE
ISSN (Print)1945-7898

Conference

ConferenceIEEE 13th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2013
Abbreviated titleICORR
CountryUnited States
CitySeattle
Period24/06/1326/06/13
Internet address

Fingerprint

Gravitation
Feasibility Studies
Electric Stimulation
Hand
Stroke
Forearm
Arm
Research

Keywords

  • METIS-300399
  • IR-89790

Cite this

Krabben, T., Buurke, J., Prange, G. B., & Rietman, J. S. (2013). A feasibility study of the effect of multichannel electrical stimulation and gravity compensation on hand function in stroke patients: A pilot study. In 2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2013, Seattle, U.S.A., 24-26 June 2013 (pp. 1-6). [6650470] Seattle, U.S.A.: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICORR.2013.6650370
Krabben, T. ; Buurke, Jaap ; Prange, Grada Berendina ; Rietman, Johan Swanik. / A feasibility study of the effect of multichannel electrical stimulation and gravity compensation on hand function in stroke patients: A pilot study. 2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2013, Seattle, U.S.A., 24-26 June 2013. Seattle, U.S.A. : IEEE, 2013. pp. 1-6
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title = "A feasibility study of the effect of multichannel electrical stimulation and gravity compensation on hand function in stroke patients: A pilot study",
abstract = "Many stroke patients have to cope with impaired arm and hand function. As a feasibility study, gravity compensation (GC) and multichannel electrical stimulation (ES) were applied to the forearm of eight stroke patients to study potential effects on dexterity. ES was triggered by positional data of the subject's hand relative to the objects that had to be grasped. Dexterity was evaluated by means of the Box and Blocks Test (BBT). The BBT was performed with four combinations of support; with and without GC and with and without ES. In all patients, it was possible to induce sufficient hand opening for grasping a block of the BBT by means of ES. There was no significant increase in dexterity as measured with the BBT. GC and/or ES did not improve instantaneous dexterity in a small sample of stroke patients although sufficient hand opening was reached in all patients. More research in a larger sample of stroke patients with more specific and more sophisticated control algorithms is needed to explore beneficial effects of GC and ES on hand function in post stroke rehabilitation",
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author = "T. Krabben and Jaap Buurke and Prange, {Grada Berendina} and Rietman, {Johan Swanik}",
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Krabben, T, Buurke, J, Prange, GB & Rietman, JS 2013, A feasibility study of the effect of multichannel electrical stimulation and gravity compensation on hand function in stroke patients: A pilot study. in 2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2013, Seattle, U.S.A., 24-26 June 2013., 6650470, IEEE, Seattle, U.S.A., pp. 1-6, IEEE 13th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2013, Seattle, United States, 24/06/13. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICORR.2013.6650370

A feasibility study of the effect of multichannel electrical stimulation and gravity compensation on hand function in stroke patients: A pilot study. / Krabben, T.; Buurke, Jaap; Prange, Grada Berendina; Rietman, Johan Swanik.

2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2013, Seattle, U.S.A., 24-26 June 2013. Seattle, U.S.A. : IEEE, 2013. p. 1-6 6650470.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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AB - Many stroke patients have to cope with impaired arm and hand function. As a feasibility study, gravity compensation (GC) and multichannel electrical stimulation (ES) were applied to the forearm of eight stroke patients to study potential effects on dexterity. ES was triggered by positional data of the subject's hand relative to the objects that had to be grasped. Dexterity was evaluated by means of the Box and Blocks Test (BBT). The BBT was performed with four combinations of support; with and without GC and with and without ES. In all patients, it was possible to induce sufficient hand opening for grasping a block of the BBT by means of ES. There was no significant increase in dexterity as measured with the BBT. GC and/or ES did not improve instantaneous dexterity in a small sample of stroke patients although sufficient hand opening was reached in all patients. More research in a larger sample of stroke patients with more specific and more sophisticated control algorithms is needed to explore beneficial effects of GC and ES on hand function in post stroke rehabilitation

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Krabben T, Buurke J, Prange GB, Rietman JS. A feasibility study of the effect of multichannel electrical stimulation and gravity compensation on hand function in stroke patients: A pilot study. In 2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2013, Seattle, U.S.A., 24-26 June 2013. Seattle, U.S.A.: IEEE. 2013. p. 1-6. 6650470 https://doi.org/10.1109/ICORR.2013.6650370