A fine-grained parallel dataflow-inspired architecture for streaming applications

A. Niedermeier

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT

Abstract

Data driven streaming applications are quite common in modern multimedia and wireless applications, like for example video and audio processing. The main components of these applications are Digital Signal Processing (DSP) algorithms. These algorithms are not extremely complex in terms of their structure and the operations that make up the algorithms are fairly simple (usually binary mathematical operations like addition and multiplication). What makes it challenging to implement and execute these algorithms efficiently is their large degree of fine-grained parallelism and the required throughput. DSP algorithms can usually be described as dataflow graphs with nodes corresponding to operations and edges between the nodes expressing data dependencies. A node fires, i.e. executes, as soon as all required input data has arrived at its input edge(s). To execute DSP algorithms efficiently while maintaining flexibility, coarse-grained reconfigurable arrays (CGRAs) can be used. CGRAs are composed of a set of small, reconfigurable cores, interconnected in e.g. a two dimensional array. Each core by itself is not very powerful, yet the complete array of cores forms an efficient architecture with a high throughput due to its ability to efficiently execute operations in parallel. In this thesis, we present a CGRA targeted at data driven streaming DSP applications that contain a large degree of fine grained parallelism, such as matrix manipulations or filter algorithms. Along with the architecture, also a programming language is presented that can directly describe DSP applications as dataflow graphs which are then automatically mapped and executed on the architecture. In contrast to previously published work on CGRAs, the guiding principle and inspiration for the presented CGRA and its corresponding programming paradigm is the dataflow principle. The result of this work is a completely integrated framework targeted at streaming DSP algorithms, consisting of a CGRA, a programming language and a compiler. The complete system is based on dataflow principles. We conclude that by using an architecture that is based on dataflow principles and a corresponding programming paradigm that can directly express dataflow graphs, DSP algorithms can be implemented in a very intuitive and straightforward manner.
LanguageUndefined
Awarding Institution
  • University of Twente
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Smit, Gerardus Johannes Maria, Supervisor
  • Kuper, Jan , Advisor
  • Kokkeler, Andre B.J., Advisor
Thesis sponsors
Award date29 Aug 2014
Place of PublicationEnschede
Print ISBNs978-90-365-3732-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 Aug 2014

Keywords

  • IR-91607
  • EWI-25011
  • METIS-304761

Cite this

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title = "A fine-grained parallel dataflow-inspired architecture for streaming applications",
abstract = "Data driven streaming applications are quite common in modern multimedia and wireless applications, like for example video and audio processing. The main components of these applications are Digital Signal Processing (DSP) algorithms. These algorithms are not extremely complex in terms of their structure and the operations that make up the algorithms are fairly simple (usually binary mathematical operations like addition and multiplication). What makes it challenging to implement and execute these algorithms efficiently is their large degree of fine-grained parallelism and the required throughput. DSP algorithms can usually be described as dataflow graphs with nodes corresponding to operations and edges between the nodes expressing data dependencies. A node fires, i.e. executes, as soon as all required input data has arrived at its input edge(s). To execute DSP algorithms efficiently while maintaining flexibility, coarse-grained reconfigurable arrays (CGRAs) can be used. CGRAs are composed of a set of small, reconfigurable cores, interconnected in e.g. a two dimensional array. Each core by itself is not very powerful, yet the complete array of cores forms an efficient architecture with a high throughput due to its ability to efficiently execute operations in parallel. In this thesis, we present a CGRA targeted at data driven streaming DSP applications that contain a large degree of fine grained parallelism, such as matrix manipulations or filter algorithms. Along with the architecture, also a programming language is presented that can directly describe DSP applications as dataflow graphs which are then automatically mapped and executed on the architecture. In contrast to previously published work on CGRAs, the guiding principle and inspiration for the presented CGRA and its corresponding programming paradigm is the dataflow principle. The result of this work is a completely integrated framework targeted at streaming DSP algorithms, consisting of a CGRA, a programming language and a compiler. The complete system is based on dataflow principles. We conclude that by using an architecture that is based on dataflow principles and a corresponding programming paradigm that can directly express dataflow graphs, DSP algorithms can be implemented in a very intuitive and straightforward manner.",
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author = "A. Niedermeier",
year = "2014",
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A fine-grained parallel dataflow-inspired architecture for streaming applications. / Niedermeier, A.

Enschede, 2014. 144 p.

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT

TY - THES

T1 - A fine-grained parallel dataflow-inspired architecture for streaming applications

AU - Niedermeier,A.

PY - 2014/8/29

Y1 - 2014/8/29

N2 - Data driven streaming applications are quite common in modern multimedia and wireless applications, like for example video and audio processing. The main components of these applications are Digital Signal Processing (DSP) algorithms. These algorithms are not extremely complex in terms of their structure and the operations that make up the algorithms are fairly simple (usually binary mathematical operations like addition and multiplication). What makes it challenging to implement and execute these algorithms efficiently is their large degree of fine-grained parallelism and the required throughput. DSP algorithms can usually be described as dataflow graphs with nodes corresponding to operations and edges between the nodes expressing data dependencies. A node fires, i.e. executes, as soon as all required input data has arrived at its input edge(s). To execute DSP algorithms efficiently while maintaining flexibility, coarse-grained reconfigurable arrays (CGRAs) can be used. CGRAs are composed of a set of small, reconfigurable cores, interconnected in e.g. a two dimensional array. Each core by itself is not very powerful, yet the complete array of cores forms an efficient architecture with a high throughput due to its ability to efficiently execute operations in parallel. In this thesis, we present a CGRA targeted at data driven streaming DSP applications that contain a large degree of fine grained parallelism, such as matrix manipulations or filter algorithms. Along with the architecture, also a programming language is presented that can directly describe DSP applications as dataflow graphs which are then automatically mapped and executed on the architecture. In contrast to previously published work on CGRAs, the guiding principle and inspiration for the presented CGRA and its corresponding programming paradigm is the dataflow principle. The result of this work is a completely integrated framework targeted at streaming DSP algorithms, consisting of a CGRA, a programming language and a compiler. The complete system is based on dataflow principles. We conclude that by using an architecture that is based on dataflow principles and a corresponding programming paradigm that can directly express dataflow graphs, DSP algorithms can be implemented in a very intuitive and straightforward manner.

AB - Data driven streaming applications are quite common in modern multimedia and wireless applications, like for example video and audio processing. The main components of these applications are Digital Signal Processing (DSP) algorithms. These algorithms are not extremely complex in terms of their structure and the operations that make up the algorithms are fairly simple (usually binary mathematical operations like addition and multiplication). What makes it challenging to implement and execute these algorithms efficiently is their large degree of fine-grained parallelism and the required throughput. DSP algorithms can usually be described as dataflow graphs with nodes corresponding to operations and edges between the nodes expressing data dependencies. A node fires, i.e. executes, as soon as all required input data has arrived at its input edge(s). To execute DSP algorithms efficiently while maintaining flexibility, coarse-grained reconfigurable arrays (CGRAs) can be used. CGRAs are composed of a set of small, reconfigurable cores, interconnected in e.g. a two dimensional array. Each core by itself is not very powerful, yet the complete array of cores forms an efficient architecture with a high throughput due to its ability to efficiently execute operations in parallel. In this thesis, we present a CGRA targeted at data driven streaming DSP applications that contain a large degree of fine grained parallelism, such as matrix manipulations or filter algorithms. Along with the architecture, also a programming language is presented that can directly describe DSP applications as dataflow graphs which are then automatically mapped and executed on the architecture. In contrast to previously published work on CGRAs, the guiding principle and inspiration for the presented CGRA and its corresponding programming paradigm is the dataflow principle. The result of this work is a completely integrated framework targeted at streaming DSP algorithms, consisting of a CGRA, a programming language and a compiler. The complete system is based on dataflow principles. We conclude that by using an architecture that is based on dataflow principles and a corresponding programming paradigm that can directly express dataflow graphs, DSP algorithms can be implemented in a very intuitive and straightforward manner.

KW - IR-91607

KW - EWI-25011

KW - METIS-304761

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M3 - PhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT

SN - 978-90-365-3732-2

CY - Enschede

ER -