Commutative subalgebras of the complex -matrices are known to generate both matrix and Toda-type hierarchies. In this paper a certain class of infinite chains of closed subspaces of a separable Hilbert space will be introduced. To each such a flag one associates a sequence of solutions of the matrix hierarchy related to this subalgebra. They compose to a solution of the lower triangular Toda hierarchy corresponding to the transposed algebra. Both solutions can be expressed in determinants of suitable Fredholm operators, the so-called τ-functions. These last functions also have a geometric interpretation in terms of line bundles over the flagvariety. They measure the failure of equivariance w.r.t. to the commuting flows of certain global sections.
- Flag variety - line bundle - commuting flows - matrix hierarchies - Toda-type hierarchies - τ-functions