A fully automatic approach to register mobile mapping and airborne imagery to support the correction of platform trajectories in GNSS-denied urban areas

P.L.H. Jende (Corresponding Author), F.C. Nex, Markus Gerke, G. Vosselman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mobile Mapping (MM) solutions have become a significant extension to traditional data acquisition methods over the last years. Independently from the sensor carried by a platform, may it be laser scanners or cameras, high-resolution data postings are opposing a poor absolute localisation accuracy in urban areas due to GNSS occlusions and multipath effects. Potentially inaccurate position estimations are propagated by IMUs which are furthermore prone to drift effects.

Thus, reliable and accurate absolute positioning on a par with MM’s high-quality data remains an open issue. Multiple and diverse approaches have shown promising potential to mitigate GNSS errors in urban areas, but cannot achieve decimetre accuracy, require manual effort, or have limitations with respect to costs and availability.

This paper presents a fully automatic approach to support the correction of MM imaging data based on correspondences with airborne nadir images. These correspondences can be employed to correct the MM platform’s orientation by an adjustment solution. Unlike MM as such, aerial images do not suffer from GNSS occlusions, and their accuracy is usually verified by employing well-established methods using ground control points. However, a registration between MM and aerial images is a non-standard matching scenario, and requires several strategies to yield reliable and accurate correspondences. Scale, perspective and content strongly vary between both image sources, thus traditional feature matching methods may fail. To this end, the registration process is designed to focus on common and clearly distinguishable elements, such as road markings, manholes, or kerbstones. With a registration accuracy of about 98%, reliable tie information between MM and aerial data can be derived. Even though, the adjustment strategy is not covered in its entirety in this paper, accuracy results after adjustment will be presented. It will be shown that a decimetre accuracy is well achievable in a real data test scenario.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-99
Number of pages14
JournalISPRS journal of photogrammetry and remote sensing
Volume141
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • ITC-ISI-JOURNAL-ARTICLE

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