A fully Eulerian solver for the simulation of multiphase flows with solid bodies: Application to surface gravity waves

Francesco De Vita*, Filippo De Lillo, Roberto Verzicco, Miguel Onorato

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

In this paper a fully Eulerian solver for the study of multiphase flows for simulating the propagation of surface gravity waves over submerged bodies is presented. We solve the incompressible Navier–Stokes equations coupled with the volume of fluid technique for the modeling of the liquid phases with the interface, an immersed body method for the solid objects and an iterative strong–coupling procedure for the fluid–structure interaction. The flow incompressibility is enforced via the solution of a Poisson equation which, owing to the density jump across the interfaces of the liquid phases, has to resort to the splitting procedure of Dodd and Ferrante [1]. The solver is validated through comparisons against classical test cases for fluid–structure interaction like migration of particles in a pressure–driven channel, multiphase flows, ‘water exit’ of a cylinder and a good agreement is found for all tests. Furthermore, we show the application of the solver to the case of a surface gravity wave propagating over a submerged reversed pendulum and verify that the solver can reproduce the energy exchange between the wave and the pendulum. Finally the three–dimensional spilling breaking of a wave induced by a submerged sphere is considered.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110355
JournalJournal of computational physics
Volume438
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Fluid-structure interaction
  • Multiphase flow
  • Surface gravity waves

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