A general scaling relation for the critical current density in Nb3Sn

A. Godeke, B. ten Haken, H.H.J. ten Kate, D.C. Larbalestier

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Sn wires and include recent findings on the variation of the upper critical field (Hc2) with temperature (T) and A15 composition. Measurements of Hc2(T) in inevitably inhomogeneous wires, as well as analysis of literature results, have shown that all available Hc2(T) data can be accurately described by a single relation from the microscopic theory. This relation also holds for inhomogeneity averaged, effective, Hc2*(T) results and can be approximated by , with t = T/Tc. Knowing Hc2*(T) implies that Jc(T) is also known. We highlight deficiencies in the Summers/Ekin relations, which are not able to account for the correct Jc(T) dependence. Available Jc(H) results indicate that the magnetic field dependence for all wires from T up to about 80% of the maximum Hc2 can be described with Kramer's flux shear model, if nonlinearities in Kramer plots when approaching the maximum Hc2 are attributed to A15 inhomogeneities. The strain () dependence is introduced through a temperature and strain dependent Hc2*(T,) and Ginzburg–Landau (GL) parameter κ1(T,) and a strain dependent critical temperature Tc(). This is more consistent than the usual Ekin unification of strain and temperature dependence, which uses two separate and different dependences on Hc2*(T) and Hc2*(). Using a correct temperature dependence and accounting for the A15 inhomogeneities leads to the remarkably simple relation , where C is a constant, s() represents the normalized strain dependence of Hc2*(0) and h = H/Hc2*(T,). Finally, a new relation for s() is proposed, which is an asymmetric version of our earlier deviatoric strain model and based on the first, second and third strain invariants. The new scaling relation solves a number of much debated issues with respect to Jc scaling in Nb3Sn and is therefore of importance to the applied community, who use scaling relations to analyse magnet performance from wire results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-116
Number of pages17
JournalSuperconductor science and technology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2006


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