Fast and accurate calculation procedures for pH and redox potentials are required for optimum control of automatic titrations. The procedure suggested is based on a three-dimensional titration curve V = f(pH, redox potential). All possible interactions between species in the solution, e.g., changes in activity coefficients and influences of redox potential on pH variations, are taken into account. The number of titrant additions can be reduced considerably without loss of precision, by using the fact that the pH of a protolyte or mixture of protolytes at some fraction titrated does not depend strongly on the actual concentration.
Stur, J., Bos, M., & van der Linden, W. E. (1984). A generalized approach for the calculation and automation of potentiometric titrations Part 1. Acid-Base Titrations. Analytica chimica acta, 158, 93-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2670(00)84816-3