A Geoprivacy by Design Guideline for Research Campaigns That Use Participatory Sensing Data

O. Kounadi (Corresponding Author), Bernd Resch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)
133 Downloads (Pure)


Participatory sensing applications collect personal data of monitored subjects along with their spatial or spatiotemporal stamps. The attributes of a monitored subject can be private, sensitive, or confidential information. Also, the spatial or spatiotemporal attributes are prone to inferential disclosure of private information. Although there is extensive problem-oriented literature on geoinformation disclosure, our work provides a clear guideline with practical relevance, containing the steps that a research campaign should follow to preserve the participants’ privacy. We first examine the technical aspects of geoprivacy in the context of participatory sensing data. Then, we propose privacy-preserving steps in four categories, namely, ensuring secure and safe settings, actions prior to the start of a research survey, processing and analysis of collected data, and safe disclosure of datasets and research deliverables.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-222
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
Issue number3
Early online dateApr 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018


  • spatial analysis
  • location privacy
  • research design
  • anonymization methods
  • geoprivacy by design
  • mobile participatory sensors
  • spatiotemporal data
  • disclosure risk
  • UT-Hybrid-D


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