A global surveillance system for crop diseases: Global preparedness minimizes the risk to food supplies

M. Carvajal-Yepes (Corresponding Author), K. Cardwell, A.D. Nelson, Karen A. Garrett, B. Giovani, D.G.O. Saunders, S. Kamoun, J.P. Legg, V. Verdier, J. Lessel, R.A. Neher, R. Day, P. Pardey, M.L. Gullino, A.R. Records, B. Bextine, J.E. Leach, S. Staiger, J. Tohme (Corresponding Author)

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Abstract

To satisfy growing demand for food, global agricultural production must in-crease by 70% by 2050. However, pests and crop diseases put global food supplies at risk. Worldwide, yield losses caused by pests and diseases are estimated to aver-age 21.5% in wheat, 30.0% in rice, 22.6% in maize, 17.2% in potato, and 21.4% in soybean [1]; these crops account for half of the global human calorie intake [2]. Climate change and global trade drive the distribution, host range, and impact of plant diseases [3], many of which can spread or re-emerge after having been under control [4] (see photo). Though many national and regional plant protec-tion organizations (NPPOs and RPPOs) work to monitor and contain crop disease outbreaks, many countries, particularly low-income countries (LIC) do not effi-ciently exchange information, delaying coordinated responses to prevent disease establishment and spread. To improve re-sponses to unexpected crop disease spread, we propose a Global Surveillance System (GSS) that will extend and adapt established biosecurity practices and networking facilities into LIC, enabling countries and regions to quickly respond to emerging disease outbreaks to stabilize food supplies, enhancing global food pro-tection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1237-1239
Number of pages3
JournalScience
Volume364
Issue number6447
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2019

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monitoring
crops
income
pests
emerging diseases
information exchange
biosecurity
plant diseases and disorders
host range
energy intake
climate change
potatoes
soybeans
agriculture
rice
wheat
corn

Keywords

  • ITC-ISI-JOURNAL-ARTICLE

Cite this

Carvajal-Yepes, M., Cardwell, K., Nelson, A. D., Garrett, K. A., Giovani, B., Saunders, D. G. O., ... Tohme, J. (2019). A global surveillance system for crop diseases: Global preparedness minimizes the risk to food supplies. Science, 364(6447), 1237-1239. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaw1572
Carvajal-Yepes, M. ; Cardwell, K. ; Nelson, A.D. ; Garrett, Karen A. ; Giovani, B. ; Saunders, D.G.O. ; Kamoun, S. ; Legg, J.P. ; Verdier, V. ; Lessel, J. ; Neher, R.A. ; Day, R. ; Pardey, P. ; Gullino, M.L. ; Records, A.R. ; Bextine, B. ; Leach, J.E. ; Staiger, S. ; Tohme, J. / A global surveillance system for crop diseases : Global preparedness minimizes the risk to food supplies. In: Science. 2019 ; Vol. 364, No. 6447. pp. 1237-1239.
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abstract = "To satisfy growing demand for food, global agricultural production must in-crease by 70{\%} by 2050. However, pests and crop diseases put global food supplies at risk. Worldwide, yield losses caused by pests and diseases are estimated to aver-age 21.5{\%} in wheat, 30.0{\%} in rice, 22.6{\%} in maize, 17.2{\%} in potato, and 21.4{\%} in soybean [1]; these crops account for half of the global human calorie intake [2]. Climate change and global trade drive the distribution, host range, and impact of plant diseases [3], many of which can spread or re-emerge after having been under control [4] (see photo). Though many national and regional plant protec-tion organizations (NPPOs and RPPOs) work to monitor and contain crop disease outbreaks, many countries, particularly low-income countries (LIC) do not effi-ciently exchange information, delaying coordinated responses to prevent disease establishment and spread. To improve re-sponses to unexpected crop disease spread, we propose a Global Surveillance System (GSS) that will extend and adapt established biosecurity practices and networking facilities into LIC, enabling countries and regions to quickly respond to emerging disease outbreaks to stabilize food supplies, enhancing global food pro-tection.",
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Carvajal-Yepes, M, Cardwell, K, Nelson, AD, Garrett, KA, Giovani, B, Saunders, DGO, Kamoun, S, Legg, JP, Verdier, V, Lessel, J, Neher, RA, Day, R, Pardey, P, Gullino, ML, Records, AR, Bextine, B, Leach, JE, Staiger, S & Tohme, J 2019, 'A global surveillance system for crop diseases: Global preparedness minimizes the risk to food supplies' Science, vol. 364, no. 6447, pp. 1237-1239. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaw1572

A global surveillance system for crop diseases : Global preparedness minimizes the risk to food supplies. / Carvajal-Yepes, M. (Corresponding Author); Cardwell, K.; Nelson, A.D.; Garrett, Karen A.; Giovani, B.; Saunders, D.G.O.; Kamoun, S.; Legg, J.P.; Verdier, V.; Lessel, J.; Neher, R.A.; Day, R.; Pardey, P.; Gullino, M.L.; Records, A.R.; Bextine, B.; Leach, J.E.; Staiger, S.; Tohme, J. (Corresponding Author).

In: Science, Vol. 364, No. 6447, 28.06.2019, p. 1237-1239.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T2 - Global preparedness minimizes the risk to food supplies

AU - Carvajal-Yepes, M.

AU - Cardwell, K.

AU - Nelson, A.D.

AU - Garrett, Karen A.

AU - Giovani, B.

AU - Saunders, D.G.O.

AU - Kamoun, S.

AU - Legg, J.P.

AU - Verdier, V.

AU - Lessel, J.

AU - Neher, R.A.

AU - Day, R.

AU - Pardey, P.

AU - Gullino, M.L.

AU - Records, A.R.

AU - Bextine, B.

AU - Leach, J.E.

AU - Staiger, S.

AU - Tohme, J.

N1 - This is a Policy Forum article so there is no abstract. The first paragraph is used instead of the abstract.

PY - 2019/6/28

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N2 - To satisfy growing demand for food, global agricultural production must in-crease by 70% by 2050. However, pests and crop diseases put global food supplies at risk. Worldwide, yield losses caused by pests and diseases are estimated to aver-age 21.5% in wheat, 30.0% in rice, 22.6% in maize, 17.2% in potato, and 21.4% in soybean [1]; these crops account for half of the global human calorie intake [2]. Climate change and global trade drive the distribution, host range, and impact of plant diseases [3], many of which can spread or re-emerge after having been under control [4] (see photo). Though many national and regional plant protec-tion organizations (NPPOs and RPPOs) work to monitor and contain crop disease outbreaks, many countries, particularly low-income countries (LIC) do not effi-ciently exchange information, delaying coordinated responses to prevent disease establishment and spread. To improve re-sponses to unexpected crop disease spread, we propose a Global Surveillance System (GSS) that will extend and adapt established biosecurity practices and networking facilities into LIC, enabling countries and regions to quickly respond to emerging disease outbreaks to stabilize food supplies, enhancing global food pro-tection.

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Carvajal-Yepes M, Cardwell K, Nelson AD, Garrett KA, Giovani B, Saunders DGO et al. A global surveillance system for crop diseases: Global preparedness minimizes the risk to food supplies. Science. 2019 Jun 28;364(6447):1237-1239. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaw1572