A governance of climate change mitigation in transport sector and selected co-benefits in Indonesia: The case of Bandung City

H. Gunawan, H. Bressers, E. N. Megantara, T. B.A. Kurnani, T. Hoppe, N. Mohlakoana, Parikesit

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Abstract

Climate change mitigation policy has a strong influence on policy processes in worldwide. Indonesia as a developing country has committed to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 29 percent by the year 2030. This calls into question the extent of how the cities or local governments can cope with the challenges of the current transport sector climate change mitigation in Bandung City. This paper aims to assess the governance context of climate policies in Bandung City and support further co-benefits. The preliminary stage of study shows that the policies in reducing GHG emissions are not in accordance with what was written by the government. The provincial and local government was aware that the stipulation delivered by the central government regarding mitigation on climate change stated in the regulation both in provincial and local level. Based on the actor's characteristic, the policies that encourage to reduce GHG emissions drive as a multi-actor interaction process namely The Paratransit, Trans Metro Bandung (TMB) and Vehicle Emissions Test. The research design involved an empirical case study on governance and policy relevant to climate change efforts to lower GHG in Bandung City, Indonesia. The analytical framework used for this analysis is the Governance Assessment Tool and the co-benefits approach. Data collection involved semi-structured interviews, a review of policy documents, and secondary quantitative data. The results reveal that the governance qualities create a context that there still are some limits, although several improvements have shown the positive trend at the local level. This is due to the qualities of the extent aspect as a low to moderate, the flexibility as a restrictive, and the coherence and intensity as moderate. The assessment of the criteria of co-benefits is more relevant to the public transport. The TMB has met all of the criteria of co-benefits. Thus, this TMB program has the highest impact to attain the co-benefits. The paratransit has the positive value of the criteria for lowering GHG emissions, energy and environmental sustainability, and development goals. The vehicle emission test met the criteria of sustainability and technical feasibility.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012015
JournalIOP conference series: Earth and environmental science
Volume306
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Aug 2019
Event3rd Conference on Sustainability Science 2018: Ecology and Sustainability Science: from Theory to Practice - Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
Duration: 9 Oct 201810 Oct 2018
Conference number: 3
http://www.unpad.ac.id/agenda/conference-on-sustainability-science-2018/

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greenhouse gas
traffic emission
local government
sustainability
climate change
analytical framework
public transport
environmental policy
city
climate change mitigation
policy
mitigation
developing world
energy
test

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title = "A governance of climate change mitigation in transport sector and selected co-benefits in Indonesia: The case of Bandung City",
abstract = "Climate change mitigation policy has a strong influence on policy processes in worldwide. Indonesia as a developing country has committed to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 29 percent by the year 2030. This calls into question the extent of how the cities or local governments can cope with the challenges of the current transport sector climate change mitigation in Bandung City. This paper aims to assess the governance context of climate policies in Bandung City and support further co-benefits. The preliminary stage of study shows that the policies in reducing GHG emissions are not in accordance with what was written by the government. The provincial and local government was aware that the stipulation delivered by the central government regarding mitigation on climate change stated in the regulation both in provincial and local level. Based on the actor's characteristic, the policies that encourage to reduce GHG emissions drive as a multi-actor interaction process namely The Paratransit, Trans Metro Bandung (TMB) and Vehicle Emissions Test. The research design involved an empirical case study on governance and policy relevant to climate change efforts to lower GHG in Bandung City, Indonesia. The analytical framework used for this analysis is the Governance Assessment Tool and the co-benefits approach. Data collection involved semi-structured interviews, a review of policy documents, and secondary quantitative data. The results reveal that the governance qualities create a context that there still are some limits, although several improvements have shown the positive trend at the local level. This is due to the qualities of the extent aspect as a low to moderate, the flexibility as a restrictive, and the coherence and intensity as moderate. The assessment of the criteria of co-benefits is more relevant to the public transport. The TMB has met all of the criteria of co-benefits. Thus, this TMB program has the highest impact to attain the co-benefits. The paratransit has the positive value of the criteria for lowering GHG emissions, energy and environmental sustainability, and development goals. The vehicle emission test met the criteria of sustainability and technical feasibility.",
author = "H. Gunawan and H. Bressers and Megantara, {E. N.} and Kurnani, {T. B.A.} and T. Hoppe and N. Mohlakoana and Parikesit",
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A governance of climate change mitigation in transport sector and selected co-benefits in Indonesia : The case of Bandung City. / Gunawan, H.; Bressers, H.; Megantara, E. N.; Kurnani, T. B.A.; Hoppe, T.; Mohlakoana, N.; Parikesit.

In: IOP conference series: Earth and environmental science, Vol. 306, No. 1, 012015, 05.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Bressers, H.

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AU - Hoppe, T.

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