A human factors perspective on automated driving

M. Kyriakidis (Corresponding Author), J.C.F. de Winter, N. Stanton, T. Bellet, Bart van Arem, K.A. Brookhuis, Marieke Hendrikje Martens, K. Bengler, J. Andersson, N. Merat, N. Reed, M. Flament, M. Hagenzieker, R. Happee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)
50 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Automated driving can fundamentally change road transportation and improve quality of life. However, at present, the role of humans in automated vehicles (AVs) is not clearly established. Interviews were conducted in April and May 2015 with 12 expert researchers in the field of human factors (HFs) of automated driving to identify commonalities and distinctive perspectives regarding HF challenges in the development of AVs. The experts indicated that an AV up to SAE Level 4 should inform its driver about the AV's capabilities and operational status, and ensure safety while changing between automated and manual modes. HF research should particularly address interactions between AVs, human drivers and vulnerable road users. Additionally, driver-training programmes may have to be modified to ensure that humans are capable of using AVs. Finally, a reflection on the interviews is provided, showing discordance between the interviewees’ statements – which appear to be in line with a long history of HFs research – and the rapid development of automation technology. We expect our perspective to be instrumental for stakeholders involved in AV development and instructive to other parties.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-249
Number of pages27
JournalErgonomics
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2019

Fingerprint

Human engineering
driver
driver training
expert
road user
interview
automation
training program
quality of life
Driver training
stakeholder
road
Interviews
present
history
interaction
Automation
Research
Quality of Life
Research Personnel

Cite this

Kyriakidis, M., de Winter, J. C. F., Stanton, N., Bellet, T., van Arem, B., Brookhuis, K. A., ... Happee, R. (2019). A human factors perspective on automated driving. Ergonomics, 20(3), 223-249. https://doi.org/10.1080/1463922X.2017.1293187
Kyriakidis, M. ; de Winter, J.C.F. ; Stanton, N. ; Bellet, T. ; van Arem, Bart ; Brookhuis, K.A. ; Martens, Marieke Hendrikje ; Bengler, K. ; Andersson, J. ; Merat, N. ; Reed, N. ; Flament, M. ; Hagenzieker, M. ; Happee, R. / A human factors perspective on automated driving. In: Ergonomics. 2019 ; Vol. 20, No. 3. pp. 223-249.
@article{d4350dd7e9be4da6ae38b814f238a31e,
title = "A human factors perspective on automated driving",
abstract = "Automated driving can fundamentally change road transportation and improve quality of life. However, at present, the role of humans in automated vehicles (AVs) is not clearly established. Interviews were conducted in April and May 2015 with 12 expert researchers in the field of human factors (HFs) of automated driving to identify commonalities and distinctive perspectives regarding HF challenges in the development of AVs. The experts indicated that an AV up to SAE Level 4 should inform its driver about the AV's capabilities and operational status, and ensure safety while changing between automated and manual modes. HF research should particularly address interactions between AVs, human drivers and vulnerable road users. Additionally, driver-training programmes may have to be modified to ensure that humans are capable of using AVs. Finally, a reflection on the interviews is provided, showing discordance between the interviewees’ statements – which appear to be in line with a long history of HFs research – and the rapid development of automation technology. We expect our perspective to be instrumental for stakeholders involved in AV development and instructive to other parties.",
author = "M. Kyriakidis and {de Winter}, J.C.F. and N. Stanton and T. Bellet and {van Arem}, Bart and K.A. Brookhuis and Martens, {Marieke Hendrikje} and K. Bengler and J. Andersson and N. Merat and N. Reed and M. Flament and M. Hagenzieker and R. Happee",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "4",
doi = "10.1080/1463922X.2017.1293187",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "223--249",
journal = "Ergonomics",
issn = "0014-0139",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "3",

}

Kyriakidis, M, de Winter, JCF, Stanton, N, Bellet, T, van Arem, B, Brookhuis, KA, Martens, MH, Bengler, K, Andersson, J, Merat, N, Reed, N, Flament, M, Hagenzieker, M & Happee, R 2019, 'A human factors perspective on automated driving' Ergonomics, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 223-249. https://doi.org/10.1080/1463922X.2017.1293187

A human factors perspective on automated driving. / Kyriakidis, M. (Corresponding Author); de Winter, J.C.F.; Stanton, N.; Bellet, T.; van Arem, Bart; Brookhuis, K.A.; Martens, Marieke Hendrikje; Bengler, K.; Andersson, J.; Merat, N.; Reed, N.; Flament, M.; Hagenzieker, M.; Happee, R.

In: Ergonomics, Vol. 20, No. 3, 04.05.2019, p. 223-249.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A human factors perspective on automated driving

AU - Kyriakidis, M.

AU - de Winter, J.C.F.

AU - Stanton, N.

AU - Bellet, T.

AU - van Arem, Bart

AU - Brookhuis, K.A.

AU - Martens, Marieke Hendrikje

AU - Bengler, K.

AU - Andersson, J.

AU - Merat, N.

AU - Reed, N.

AU - Flament, M.

AU - Hagenzieker, M.

AU - Happee, R.

PY - 2019/5/4

Y1 - 2019/5/4

N2 - Automated driving can fundamentally change road transportation and improve quality of life. However, at present, the role of humans in automated vehicles (AVs) is not clearly established. Interviews were conducted in April and May 2015 with 12 expert researchers in the field of human factors (HFs) of automated driving to identify commonalities and distinctive perspectives regarding HF challenges in the development of AVs. The experts indicated that an AV up to SAE Level 4 should inform its driver about the AV's capabilities and operational status, and ensure safety while changing between automated and manual modes. HF research should particularly address interactions between AVs, human drivers and vulnerable road users. Additionally, driver-training programmes may have to be modified to ensure that humans are capable of using AVs. Finally, a reflection on the interviews is provided, showing discordance between the interviewees’ statements – which appear to be in line with a long history of HFs research – and the rapid development of automation technology. We expect our perspective to be instrumental for stakeholders involved in AV development and instructive to other parties.

AB - Automated driving can fundamentally change road transportation and improve quality of life. However, at present, the role of humans in automated vehicles (AVs) is not clearly established. Interviews were conducted in April and May 2015 with 12 expert researchers in the field of human factors (HFs) of automated driving to identify commonalities and distinctive perspectives regarding HF challenges in the development of AVs. The experts indicated that an AV up to SAE Level 4 should inform its driver about the AV's capabilities and operational status, and ensure safety while changing between automated and manual modes. HF research should particularly address interactions between AVs, human drivers and vulnerable road users. Additionally, driver-training programmes may have to be modified to ensure that humans are capable of using AVs. Finally, a reflection on the interviews is provided, showing discordance between the interviewees’ statements – which appear to be in line with a long history of HFs research – and the rapid development of automation technology. We expect our perspective to be instrumental for stakeholders involved in AV development and instructive to other parties.

U2 - 10.1080/1463922X.2017.1293187

DO - 10.1080/1463922X.2017.1293187

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 223

EP - 249

JO - Ergonomics

JF - Ergonomics

SN - 0014-0139

IS - 3

ER -

Kyriakidis M, de Winter JCF, Stanton N, Bellet T, van Arem B, Brookhuis KA et al. A human factors perspective on automated driving. Ergonomics. 2019 May 4;20(3):223-249. https://doi.org/10.1080/1463922X.2017.1293187