A kinetic rate expression for the time-dependent coke formation rate during propane dehydrogenation over a platinum alumina monolithic catalyst

M. van Sint Annaland, J.A.M. Kuipers, W.P.M. van Swaaij

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Abstract

Coke formation rates under propane dehydrogenation reaction conditions on a used monolithic Pt/y-Al2O3 catalyst have been experimentally determined in a thermogravimetric analyser (TGA) as a function of time on stream covering wide temperature and concentration ranges. For relatively short times on stream, especially at low temperatures and low propylene concentrations, a remarkable initial quadratic increase has been observed in the coke formation rates versus time with a high apparent propylene reaction order. After longer times on stream the coke formation rate decreases to a constant residual coke growth above approximately 12 wt.% coke content. The experimental data have been successfully described by a kinetic rate expression based on a mechanistic dual coke growth model. In this model it has been assumed that initially coke precursor is formed via a propylene oligomerisation process, explaining the observed auto-catalysis for short times on stream.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-436
Number of pages9
JournalCatalysis today
Volume66
Issue number2-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Event3rd International Symposium on Catalysis in Multiphase Reactors, CAMURE 2000 - Naples, Italy
Duration: 29 May 200031 May 2000
Conference number: 3

Keywords

  • Kinetics
  • Catalyst deactivation
  • Platinum alumina monolithic catalyst
  • Coke formation rates

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