A Linear Programming Model for Calculating Green National Incomes

Albert E. Steenge, Monique Voogt

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

    Abstract

    The present-day Dutch System of National Accounts consists of a core, which gives the major macro-economic aggregates, and modules which deal with special subjects related to the core. As a part of the Dutch system recently an environmental module, the NAMEA, has been developed. The NAMEA is a purely descriptive statistic, presenting in one framework monetary and physical flows (emissions). In this paper we describe how the NAMEA can be transformed into a linear programming model linking emissions to productions and consumption levels. We present model simulations which determine changes in value added and household consumption required for reducing emission levels. We find that limited reductions are possible without a decrease in net domestic product. More substantial reductions lead to a decline in output approximately proportional to the size of reductions. The model can be used to clarify interpretations of “green national incomes”.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationOperations Research Proceedings 1994
    Subtitle of host publicationSelected Papers of the International Conference on Operations Research, Berlin, August 30 – September 2, 1994
    EditorsUlrich Derigs, Achim Bachem, Andreas Drexl
    Place of PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg
    PublisherSpringer
    Pages376-381
    Number of pages6
    ISBN (Electronic)978-3-642-79459-9
    ISBN (Print)978-3-540-58793-4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1995
    EventInternational Conference on Operations Research, OR 1994 - Berlin, Germany
    Duration: 30 Aug 19942 Sep 1994

    Publication series

    NameOperations Research Proceedings
    PublisherSpringer
    Volume1994
    ISSN (Print)0721-5924

    Conference

    ConferenceInternational Conference on Operations Research, OR 1994
    Abbreviated titleOR
    CountryGermany
    CityBerlin
    Period30/08/942/09/94

    Fingerprint

    linear programing
    income
    macroeconomics
    simulation
    consumption

    Keywords

    • Household consumption
    • National account
    • Linear programming model
    • Environmental burden
    • Environmental module

    Cite this

    Steenge, A. E., & Voogt, M. (1995). A Linear Programming Model for Calculating Green National Incomes. In U. Derigs, A. Bachem, & A. Drexl (Eds.), Operations Research Proceedings 1994: Selected Papers of the International Conference on Operations Research, Berlin, August 30 – September 2, 1994 (pp. 376-381). (Operations Research Proceedings; Vol. 1994). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-79459-9_68
    Steenge, Albert E. ; Voogt, Monique. / A Linear Programming Model for Calculating Green National Incomes. Operations Research Proceedings 1994: Selected Papers of the International Conference on Operations Research, Berlin, August 30 – September 2, 1994. editor / Ulrich Derigs ; Achim Bachem ; Andreas Drexl. Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer, 1995. pp. 376-381 (Operations Research Proceedings).
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    Steenge, AE & Voogt, M 1995, A Linear Programming Model for Calculating Green National Incomes. in U Derigs, A Bachem & A Drexl (eds), Operations Research Proceedings 1994: Selected Papers of the International Conference on Operations Research, Berlin, August 30 – September 2, 1994. Operations Research Proceedings, vol. 1994, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 376-381, International Conference on Operations Research, OR 1994, Berlin, Germany, 30/08/94. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-79459-9_68

    A Linear Programming Model for Calculating Green National Incomes. / Steenge, Albert E.; Voogt, Monique.

    Operations Research Proceedings 1994: Selected Papers of the International Conference on Operations Research, Berlin, August 30 – September 2, 1994. ed. / Ulrich Derigs; Achim Bachem; Andreas Drexl. Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer, 1995. p. 376-381 (Operations Research Proceedings; Vol. 1994).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - A Linear Programming Model for Calculating Green National Incomes

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    AU - Voogt, Monique

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    AB - The present-day Dutch System of National Accounts consists of a core, which gives the major macro-economic aggregates, and modules which deal with special subjects related to the core. As a part of the Dutch system recently an environmental module, the NAMEA, has been developed. The NAMEA is a purely descriptive statistic, presenting in one framework monetary and physical flows (emissions). In this paper we describe how the NAMEA can be transformed into a linear programming model linking emissions to productions and consumption levels. We present model simulations which determine changes in value added and household consumption required for reducing emission levels. We find that limited reductions are possible without a decrease in net domestic product. More substantial reductions lead to a decline in output approximately proportional to the size of reductions. The model can be used to clarify interpretations of “green national incomes”.

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    KW - National account

    KW - Linear programming model

    KW - Environmental burden

    KW - Environmental module

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    M3 - Chapter

    SN - 978-3-540-58793-4

    T3 - Operations Research Proceedings

    SP - 376

    EP - 381

    BT - Operations Research Proceedings 1994

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    Steenge AE, Voogt M. A Linear Programming Model for Calculating Green National Incomes. In Derigs U, Bachem A, Drexl A, editors, Operations Research Proceedings 1994: Selected Papers of the International Conference on Operations Research, Berlin, August 30 – September 2, 1994. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 1995. p. 376-381. (Operations Research Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-79459-9_68