A Methodology Based on Pulse-Velocity Measurements to Quantify the Chemical Degradation Levels in Thin Mortar Specimens

Hector Hernandez Delgadillo* (Corresponding Author), Benoit Kern, Richard Loendersloot, Doekle Yntema, Remko Akkerman

*Corresponding author for this work

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    In this research, ultrasonic pulse echo measurements are used to quantify through thickness chemical degradation in thin mortar specimens. The degradation level is predicted using the time of travel of the acoustic wave through the thickness of the structure. The front and back wall interaction reflections are used to obtain additional information from very early stage degradation. The pulse-velocity of sound waves as a function of the thickness of the layers within the structure is described. With knowledge of the pulse-velocity in pristine and fully degraded conditions, it is possible to determine the complete range of degradation length over the layer thickness. The method is applicable for leaching of calcium and acidic attack. The acoustic measurements were verified with destructive testing. The correlation between the acoustic and non-acoustic experiments agree with the described pulse-velocity and degraded depth function. The method based on ultrasonic measurements can be implemented in other thin-layered structures.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number79
    JournalJournal of Nondestructive Evaluation
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018



    • UT-Hybrid-D
    • Mortar specimens
    • Enschede
    • Ultrasonic testing
    • Degraded layer thickness

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