A Methodology Based on Pulse-Velocity Measurements to Quantify the Chemical Degradation Levels in Thin Mortar Specimens

Hector Hernandez Delgadillo (Corresponding Author), Benoit Kern, Richard Loendersloot, Doekle Yntema, Remko Akkerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

In this research, ultrasonic pulse echo measurements are used to quantify through thickness chemical degradation in thin mortar specimens. The degradation level is predicted using the time of travel of the acoustic wave through the thickness of the structure. The front and back wall interaction reflections are used to obtain additional information from very early stage degradation. The pulse-velocity of sound waves as a function of the thickness of the layers within the structure is described. With knowledge of the pulse-velocity in pristine and fully degraded conditions, it is possible to determine the complete range of degradation length over the layer thickness. The method is applicable for leaching of calcium and acidic attack. The acoustic measurements were verified with destructive testing. The correlation between the acoustic and non-acoustic experiments agree with the described pulse-velocity and degraded depth function. The method based on ultrasonic measurements can be implemented in other thin-layered structures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number79
JournalJournal of Nondestructive Evaluation
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

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Mortar
Velocity measurement
Degradation
Acoustics
Acoustic waves
Ultrasonic measurement
Acoustic wave velocity
Leaching
Calcium
Ultrasonics
Testing
Experiments

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • Mortar specimens
  • Enschede
  • Ultrasonic testing
  • Degraded layer thickness

Cite this

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abstract = "In this research, ultrasonic pulse echo measurements are used to quantify through thickness chemical degradation in thin mortar specimens. The degradation level is predicted using the time of travel of the acoustic wave through the thickness of the structure. The front and back wall interaction reflections are used to obtain additional information from very early stage degradation. The pulse-velocity of sound waves as a function of the thickness of the layers within the structure is described. With knowledge of the pulse-velocity in pristine and fully degraded conditions, it is possible to determine the complete range of degradation length over the layer thickness. The method is applicable for leaching of calcium and acidic attack. The acoustic measurements were verified with destructive testing. The correlation between the acoustic and non-acoustic experiments agree with the described pulse-velocity and degraded depth function. The method based on ultrasonic measurements can be implemented in other thin-layered structures.",
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A Methodology Based on Pulse-Velocity Measurements to Quantify the Chemical Degradation Levels in Thin Mortar Specimens. / Hernandez Delgadillo, Hector (Corresponding Author); Kern, Benoit; Loendersloot, Richard; Yntema, Doekle; Akkerman, Remko.

In: Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation, Vol. 37, No. 4, 79, 01.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Kern, Benoit

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AU - Yntema, Doekle

AU - Akkerman, Remko

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