Computer-based simulations are increasingly being used in educational assessment. In most cases, the simulation-based assessment (SBA) is used for formative assessment, which can be defined as assessment for learning, but as research on the topic continues to grow, possibilities for summative assessment, which can be defined as assessment of learning, are also emerging. The current study contributes to research on the latter category of assessment. In this article, we present a methodology for scoring the interactive and complex behavior of students in a specific type of SBA, namely, a Multimedia-based Performance Assessment (MBPA), which is used for a summative assessment purpose. The MBPA is used to assess the knowledge, skills, and abilities of confined space guard (CSG) students. A CSG supervises operations that are carried out in a confined space (e.g., a tank or silo). We address two specific challenges in this article: the evidence identification challenge (i.e., scoring interactive task performance), and the evidence accumulation challenge (i.e., accumulating scores in a psychometric model). Using expert ratings on the essence and difficulty of actions in the MBPA, we answer the first challenge by demonstrating that interactive task performance in MBPA can be scored. Furthermore, we answer the second challenge by recoding the expert ratings in conditional probability tables that can be used in a Bayesian Network (a psychometric model for reasoning under uncertainty and complexity). Finally, we validate and illustrate the presented methodology through the analysis of the response data of 57 confined space guard students who performed in the MBPA.
- 2023 OA procedure