In this work, the morphology, thickness, chemical composition and mechanical properties of the tribofilm formed by a fully formulated CVT fluid are investigated by multiple techniques and linked to the frictional and wear characteristics of a pin-on-disc tribosystem. It is found that the tribosystem shows higher friction and wear when tested at 150 °C than at 80 °C. The main reason is that although the morphology and thickness are similar, the tribofilms formed at different temperatures have different chemical compositions and mechanical properties. The tribofilm formed at 150 °C is Fe richer and has greater hardness and shear strength, which leads to a higher tribochemical wear rate and a greater interfacial shear force.
- Chemical composition
- Mechanical properties