A new engineering approach to predict the hydrostatic strength of uPVC pipes (CD-rom)

H.A. Visser, T.A.P. Engels, L.E. Govaert, T.C. Bor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

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Abstract

Extruded unplasticised Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (uPVC) pipes are certified using pressurised pipe tests. During these tests the pipes are subjected to a certain temperature and internal pressure, while the time-to-failure, the time at which the internal pressure drops due to rupture or fracture, is measured. These tests are time consuming and are therefore costly. To circumvent these costs a model-based approach is proposed where the time-to-failure is predicted. The input parameters for this approach can be determined using short term measurements. The approach uses the observation that the timeto- failure kinetics of uPVC pipes subjected to an internal pressure is independent of the type of failure mode (ductile, semi-ductile or brittle). This supports our statement that the underlying mechanism that initiates failure is similar for these types of failure. Local deformation of the material up to a critical value of the anelastic strain is believed to determine the start of failure of the material. This critical strain appears to be constant for the testing conditions used during this study. A pressure modified Eyring expression is employed to calculate the strain rate resulting from the applied stress at a certain temperature. The time-to-failure follows from the calculated strain rate and the critical strain of the material. This approach has been verified against literature data and shown to hold quantitatively. Furthermore, the model seems to hold for different processing conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of PPS E/A 2007 [CD-Rom]
EditorsM. Rigdahl
Place of PublicationGotenburg, Sweden
PublisherChalmers University of Technology
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2007
EventPolymer Processing Society Europe/Africa Regional Meeting, PPS E/A 2007 - Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden
Duration: 28 Aug 200730 Aug 2007

Conference

ConferencePolymer Processing Society Europe/Africa Regional Meeting, PPS E/A 2007
CountrySweden
CityGöteborg
Period28/08/0730/08/07

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