A new semi-analytical solution for inertial waves in a rectangular parallelepiped

S. Nurijanyan, Onno Bokhove, L.R.M. Maas

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    A study of inertial gyroscopic waves in a rotating homogeneous fluid is undertaken both theoretically and numerically. A novel approach is presented to construct a semianalytical solution of a linear three-dimensional fluid flow in a rotating rectangular parallelepiped bounded by solid walls. The three-dimensional solution is expanded in vertical modes to reduce the dynamics to the horizontal plane. On this horizontal plane, the two dimensional solution is constructed via superposition of “inertial‿ analogs of surface Poincar´e and Kelvin waves reflecting from the walls. The infinite sum of inertial Poincaré waves has to cancel the normal flow of two inertial Kelvin waves near the boundaries. The wave system corresponding to every vertical mode results in an eigenvalue problem. Corresponding computations for rotationally modified surface gravity waves are in agreement with numerical values obtained by Taylor [“Tidal oscillations in gulfs and basins,‿ Proc. London Math. Soc., Ser. 2 XX, 148–181 (1921)], Rao [“Free gravitational oscillations in rotating rectangular basins,‿ J. Fluid Mech. 25, 523–555 (1966)] and also, for inertial waves, by Maas [“On the amphidromic structure of inertial waves in a rectangular parallelepiped,‿ Fluid Dyn. Res. 33, 373–401 (2003)] upon truncation of an infinite matrix. The present approach enhances the currently available, structurally concise modal solution introduced by Maas. In contrast to Maas’ approach, our solution does not have any convergence issues in the interior and does not suffer from Gibbs phenomenon at the boundaries. Additionally, an alternative finite element method is used to contrast these two semi-analytical solutions with a purely numerical one. The main differences are discussed for a particular example and one eigenfrequency.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)126601
    Number of pages21
    JournalPhysics of fluids
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013


    • EWI-24513
    • IR-89539
    • METIS-302722

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