A nexus approach for the MENA region-from concept to knowledge to action

Holger Hoff, Sajed Aqel Alrahaife, Rana El Hajj, Kerstin Lohr, Fatima Ezzahra Mengoub, Nadim Farajalla, Kerstin Fritzsche, Guy Jobbins, Gül özerol, Robert Schultz, Anne Ulrich

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Abstract

There is wide agreement that a nexus or integrated approach to managing and governing natural resources such as land, water, and energy can improve environmental, climate, human, and political security. However, few if any countries in the MENA region have made progress in implementing such an approach. There appear to be several constraints inhibiting the development and adoption of nexus approaches. These constraints include strong sectoral silos, insufficient incentives for integrated planning and policy making at all levels, and limited vision, knowledge, and practical experience to guide successful implementation. In turn, the limited implementation and hence lack of empirical evidence of a nexus approach, which could demonstrate its benefits, does little to strengthen political will for the development of adequate incentives, structures, and procedures. Against this backdrop, this paper presents five case studies which take an integrated approach, in three MENA countries, namely Jordan, Lebanon, and Morocco. Based on an analytical framework developed here, the paper analyses and compares the success factors for nexus implementation, and also for transfer and upscaling. The analysis emphasizes the need for appropriate framework conditions, targeted investments and pioneering actors, to make integrated approaches across sectors and levels work. With the evidence presented, the paper aims to set in motion a positive or virtuous cycle of generating more nexus evidence, improved framework conditions, further nexus implementation on the ground, and from that even more nexus evidence. Finally, the paper contributes to overcoming the repeated requests for better definition and conceptualization of the nexus, which often has slowed down adoption of the concept.

Original languageEnglish
Article number48
JournalFrontiers in Environmental Science
Volume7
Issue numberAPR
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Apr 2019

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integrated approach
incentive
upscaling
analytical framework
policy making
natural resource
climate
energy
water

Keywords

  • Integrated management
  • MENA region
  • Nexus
  • Policy coherence
  • Synergies
  • Tradeoffs

Cite this

Hoff, H., Alrahaife, S. A., El Hajj, R., Lohr, K., Mengoub, F. E., Farajalla, N., ... Ulrich, A. (2019). A nexus approach for the MENA region-from concept to knowledge to action. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 7(APR), [48]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2019.00048
Hoff, Holger ; Alrahaife, Sajed Aqel ; El Hajj, Rana ; Lohr, Kerstin ; Mengoub, Fatima Ezzahra ; Farajalla, Nadim ; Fritzsche, Kerstin ; Jobbins, Guy ; özerol, Gül ; Schultz, Robert ; Ulrich, Anne. / A nexus approach for the MENA region-from concept to knowledge to action. In: Frontiers in Environmental Science. 2019 ; Vol. 7, No. APR.
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Hoff, H, Alrahaife, SA, El Hajj, R, Lohr, K, Mengoub, FE, Farajalla, N, Fritzsche, K, Jobbins, G, özerol, G, Schultz, R & Ulrich, A 2019, 'A nexus approach for the MENA region-from concept to knowledge to action' Frontiers in Environmental Science, vol. 7, no. APR, 48. https://doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2019.00048

A nexus approach for the MENA region-from concept to knowledge to action. / Hoff, Holger; Alrahaife, Sajed Aqel; El Hajj, Rana; Lohr, Kerstin; Mengoub, Fatima Ezzahra; Farajalla, Nadim; Fritzsche, Kerstin; Jobbins, Guy; özerol, Gül; Schultz, Robert; Ulrich, Anne.

In: Frontiers in Environmental Science, Vol. 7, No. APR, 48, 24.04.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Hoff, Holger

AU - Alrahaife, Sajed Aqel

AU - El Hajj, Rana

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AU - Mengoub, Fatima Ezzahra

AU - Farajalla, Nadim

AU - Fritzsche, Kerstin

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AU - özerol, Gül

AU - Schultz, Robert

AU - Ulrich, Anne

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Hoff H, Alrahaife SA, El Hajj R, Lohr K, Mengoub FE, Farajalla N et al. A nexus approach for the MENA region-from concept to knowledge to action. Frontiers in Environmental Science. 2019 Apr 24;7(APR). 48. https://doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2019.00048