A novel fast split-echo multi-shot diffusion-weighted MRI method using navigator echoes

Catherine F.M. Williams, Thomas W. Redpath*, David G. Norris

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)


Difficulties in obtaining diffusion-weighted images of acceptable quality using conventional hardware and in a reasonable time have hindered the clinical application of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI). Diffusion-weighted fast spin-echo (FSE) sequences offer the possibility of fast DWI on standard hardware without the susceptibility problems associated with echoplanar imaging. However, motion in the presence of diffusion-sensitizing gradients can prevent fulfillment of the Meiboom Gill phase condition, leading to destructive interference between echo components and consequent signal losses. A recently proposed single-shot FSE sequence employed split-echo acquisition to address this problem. However, in a segmented FSE sequence, phase errors differ between successive echo trains, causing 'ghosting' in the diffusion-weighted images that are not eliminated by split-echo acquisition alone. A DWI technique is presented that combines split-echo acquisition with navigator echo phase correction in a segmented FSE sequence. It is shown to be suitable for diffusion measurements in vivo using standard hardware.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)734-742
Number of pages9
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Diffusion
  • Fast spin-echo
  • MRI
  • Navigator echo


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