A novel lead design enables selective deep brain stimulation of neural populations in the subthalamic region

Kees J. van Dijk, Rens Verhagen, Ashutosh Chaturvedi, Cameron C. McIntyre, Lo J. Bour, Tjitske Heida, Peter H. Veltink

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    21 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    Objective. The clinical effects of deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) as a treatment for Parkinson's disease are sensitive to the location of the DBS lead within the STN. New high density (HD) lead designs have been created which are hypothesized to provide additional degrees of freedom in shaping the stimulating electric field. The objective of this study is to compare the performances of a new HD lead with a conventional cylindrical contact (CC) lead. Approach. A computational model, consisting of a finite element electric field model combined with multi-compartment neuron and axon models representing different neural populations in the subthalamic region, was used to evaluate the two leads. We compared ring-mode and steering-mode stimulation with the HD lead to single contact stimulation with the CC lead. These stimulation modes were tested for the lead: (1) positioned in the centroid of the STN, (2) shifted 1 mm towards the internal capsule (IC), and (3) shifted 2 mm towards the IC. Under these conditions, we quantified the number of STN neurons that were activated without activating IC fibers, which are known to cause side-effects. Main results. The modeling results show that the HD lead is able to mimic the stimulation effect of the CC lead. Additionally, in steering-mode stimulation there was a significant increase of activated STN neurons compared to the CC mode. Significance. From the model simulations we conclude that the HD lead in steering-mode with optimized stimulation parameter selection can stimulate more STN cells. Next, the clinical impact of the increased number of activated STN cells should be tested and balanced across the increased complexity of identifying the optimized stimulation parameter settings for the HD lead.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)046003
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of neural engineering
    Volume12
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 28 May 2015

    Keywords

    • steering-mode stimulation
    • EWI-26428
    • Computational modeling
    • IR-98200
    • Parkinson’s disease
    • novel lead design
    • METIS-315012
    • Deep Brain Stimulation

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