Treating cancer with vaccines has been a challenge. In this study, we introduce a novel Ag delivery platform for cancer vaccines that delivers an encapsulated Ag to splenic marginal zone B (MZ-B) cells via the aid of a PEGylated liposome (PL) system. Splenic MZ-B cells have recently attracted interest as alternative APCs. In mice, preimmunization with empty (no Ag encapsulation) PLs triggered the efficient delivery of a subsequent dose of Ag-containing PLs, injected 3 d later, to the spleen compared with a single dose of Ag-containing PLs. In addition, immunization with empty PLs allowed three subsequent sequential injections of OVA-PLs to efficiently induce α CTL response against OVA-expressing murine thymoma (EG7-OVA) cells and resulted in in vivo growth inhibition of subsequently inoculated EG7-OVA cells. However, these sequential treatments require repeated immunizations to achieve their antitumor effect. Therefore, to improve the antitumor effect of our novel vaccine system, an adjuvant, a-galactosylceramide (αGC), was incorporated into the OVA-PLs (αGC/OVA-PLs). As expected, the incorporation of aGC reduced the required number of immunizations with OVA-PLs to the point that a single immunization treatment with empty PLs and an injection of αGC/OVA-PL efficiently triggered a potent CTL induction, resulting in a rejection of the development and a suppression of the growth of tumors that had already developed s.c. Results of this study indicate that a novel Ag delivery platform that grants efficient Ag delivery to splenic MZ-B cells shows promise as a therapeutic modality for conquering tumor growth and/or progression. The Journal of Immunology, 2018, 201: 2969-2976.