A Novel Setup and Protocol to Measure the Range of Motion of the Wrist and the Hand

Kostas Nizamis (Corresponding Author), Noortje H.M. Rijken, Ana Mendes, Mariska M.H.P. Janssen, Arjen Bergsma, Bart F.J.M. Koopman

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    25 Citations (Scopus)
    142 Downloads (Pure)


    The human hand is important for the performance of activities of daily living which are directly related to quality of life. Various conditions, such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) can affect the function of the human hand and wrist. The ability to assess the impairment in the hand and the wrist by measuring the range of motion (ROM), is essential for the development of effective rehabilitation protocols. Currently the clinical standard is the goniometer. In this study we explore the feasibility and reliability of an optical sensor (Leap motion sensor) in measuring active hand/wrist ROM. We measured the hand/wrist ROM of 20 healthy adults with the goniometer and the Leap motion sensor, in order to check the agreement between the two methods and additionally, we performed a test-retest of the Leap motion sensor with 12 of them, to assess its reliability. The results suggest low agreement between the goniometer and the leap motion sensor, yet showing a large decrease in measurement time and high reliability when using the later. Despite the low agreement between the two methods, we believe that the Leap motion sensor shows potential to contribute to the development of hand rehabilitation protocols and be used with patients in a clinical setting.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number3230
    Number of pages14
    JournalSensors (Switzerland)
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - 25 Sep 2018


    • Distal upper extremities
    • Rehabilitation
    • Wrist
    • Range-of-motion
    • Motion capture
    • Leap motion sensor
    • Hand
    • Goniometer


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