A novel technique for faster responses to take over requests in an automated vehicle

Francesco Walker, Oliver Morgenstern, Javier Martinez Avila, Marieke Martens, Willem Verwey

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
38 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In Level 3 automated vehicles, drivers must take back control when prompted by a Take Over Request (TOR). However, there is currently no consensus on the safest way to achieve this. Research has shown that participants interact faster with an avatar when this "glows"in synchrony with participant physiology (heartbeat). We hypothesized that a similar form of synchronization might allow drivers to react faster to a TOR. Using a driving simulator, we studied driver responses to a TOR when permanently visible ambient lighting was synchronized with participants' breathing. Experimental participants responded to the TOR faster than controls. There were no significant effects on self-reported trust or physiological arousal, and none of the participants reported that they were aware of the manipulation. These findings suggest that new ways of keeping the driver unconsciously "connected"to the vehicle could facilitate faster, and potentially safer, transfers of control.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 13th International ACM Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications, AutomotiveUI 2021
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages159-164
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781450380638
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Sept 2021
Event13th ACM International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications, AutomotiveUI 2021 - Virtual, Online, United Kingdom
Duration: 9 Sept 202114 Sept 2021
Conference number: 13

Conference

Conference13th ACM International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications, AutomotiveUI 2021
Abbreviated titleAutomotiveUI 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
CityVirtual, Online
Period9/09/2114/09/21

Keywords

  • Ambient lighting
  • Automated Driving
  • Level 3
  • Manual take over
  • Peripersonal space
  • Take over request (TOR)
  • Trust in automation

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