We have studied the energy-level alignment of ex situ, acetone cleaned Co and Al2O3/Co contacts to the organic semiconductors pentacene and rubrene by combined X-ray and ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy. Our results demonstrate that the work function under these conditions is smaller than in the in situ cleaned, atomically clean case. Moreover, the studied interfaces are characterized by very small, short range interfaces dipoles and substantial injection barriers for holes. This represents essential information in view of their use in organic spintronic devices. Our core-level photoemission spectroscopy measurements rule out chemical reactions.
- Energy-level alignment
- Photoemission spectroscopy