The design and realization of two pumps based on micromachining of silicon are described. The pumps, which are of the reciprocating displacement type, comprise one or two pump chambers, a thin glass pump membrane actuated by a piezoelectric disc and passive silicon check valves to direct the flow. Chambers, channels and valves are realized in a silicon wafer by wet chemical etching. The results of mechanical calculations and simulations show good agreement with the actual behaviour of the pumps. It is possible to design pumps having a specific yield and pressure dependence, and which are fail-safe (the flow is blocked while the pump is switched off).