A Predistortion-less Digital MIMO Transmitter with DTC-Based Quadrature Imbalance Compensation

Joep Zanen*, Eric Klumperink, Bram Nauta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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A four-element multi-input multi-output (MIMO) switched capacitor power amplifier (SCPA) in 22-nm fully depleted silicon-on-insulator (FD-SOI) is presented as a software-defined radio. To omit the digital predistortion (DPD) and digital quadrature correction power consumption of this wide modulation bandwidth MIMO transmitter, constant-conductance SCPA drivers and a wideband low-impedance power supply are used for linearization. Gls dtc-based clock calibration is used for quadrature imbalance correction, improving image rejection to >53 dB. This allows for up to 80-MHz DPD-less single carrier 1024- quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) transmission, with an error vector magnitude (EVM) < -39.4 dB. RF bandwidths up to 160 MHz are demonstrated for multicarrier 1024 QAM signals, supporting data rates up to 1.18 GBps. A second-order Chebyshev bandpass filter using bondwires as inductors is used as a matching network, supporting carrier frequencies from 1.64 to 3.28 GHz, while omitting the required chip area for integrated inductors. Gls mimo experiments demonstrate the beamforming capabilities for single and multibeam communication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2214-2225
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE journal of solid-state circuits
Issue number8
Early online date23 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2023


  • CMOS integrated circuits
  • digital beamforming
  • digital-to-time converter
  • switched capacitor power amplifiers (SCPA)
  • radio frequency digital-to-analog converter (RF-DAC)


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