A quantification method for numerical dissipation in quasi-DNS and under-resolved DNS, and effects of numerical dissipation in quasi-DNS and under-resolved DNS of turbulent channel flows

E.M.J. Komen, L.H. Camillo, A. Shams, Bernardus J. Geurts, B. Koren

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    Abstract

    LES for industrial applications with complex geometries is mostly characterised by: a) a finite volume CFD method using a non-staggered arrangement of the flow variables and second order accurate spatial and temporal discretisation schemes, b) an implicit top-hat filter, where the filter length is equal to the local computational cell size, and c) eddy-viscosity type LES models. LES based on these three main characteristics is indicated as industrial LES in this paper.

    It becomes increasingly clear that the numerical dissipation in CFD codes typically used in industrial applications with complex geometries may inhibit the predictive capabilities of explicit LES. Therefore, there is a need to quantify the numerical dissipation rate in such CFD codes. In this paper, we quantify the numerical dissipation rate in physical space based on an analysis of the transport equation for the mean turbulent kinetic energy. Using this method, we quantify the numerical dissipation rate in a quasi-Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) and in under-resolved DNS of, as a basic demonstration case, fully-developed turbulent channel flow. With quasi-DNS, we indicate a DNS performed using a second order accurate finite volume method typically used in industrial applications. Furthermore, we determine and explain the trends in the performance of industrial LES for fully-developed turbulent channel flow for four different Reynolds numbers for three different LES mesh resolutions. The presented explanation of the mechanisms behind the observed trends is based on an analysis of the turbulent kinetic energy budgets.

    The presented quantitative analyses demonstrate that the numerical errors in the industrial LES computations of the considered turbulent channel flows result in a net numerical dissipation rate which is larger than the subgrid-scale dissipation rate.

    No new computational methods are presented in this paper. Instead, the main new elements in this paper are our detailed quantification method for the numerical dissipation rate, the application of this method to a quasi-DNS and under-resolved DNS of fully-developed turbulent channel flow, and the explanation of the effects of the numerical dissipation on the observed trends in the performance of industrial LES for fully-developed turbulent channel flows.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)565 - 595
    JournalJournal of computational physics
    Volume345
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2017

    Keywords

    • Quasi-DNS Under-resolved DNS LES Numerical dissipation rate Channel flows CFD OpenFOAM

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