A reference model for digital transformation and innovation

Silvia Bogea Gomes, Flavia Maria Santoro, Miguel Mira Da Silva, Maria Eugenia Iacob

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Digital Transformation (DT) has a direct impact on relations and forms of consumption. New technologies are being incorporated continuously into our day-to-day life, introducing new shapes for traditional and original kinds of businesses. Nevertheless, it is interesting to notice that most novelty is based mainly on processes, rather than on technology. A DT initiative should start with conceptual modeling to organize and structure knowledge of its scope. However, there is not a specific proper language to model DT initiatives. Based on an extensive literature review, we propose an Ontology - the DI-BPM-Onto - with this purpose. The ontology proposed conceptualizes three aspects: Digital Transformation and Innovation (DT&I), Business Process Management Contextual Factors, and Digital Technology, which are independent layers, but orthogonally related. On the other side, modeling tools like the well-known standard ArchiMate are widely used by companies to provide an unambiguous understanding of their businesses, and already support the description, analysis, and visualization of most enterprise architecture (EA) elements. Therefore, in this paper, to better model DT initiatives, we propose a Reference Model that extending the ArchiMate with the main concepts of DT identified in the DI-BPM-Onto to better model DT&I initiatives and to discuss to what extent ArchiMate would support the implementation of DT&I initiatives. A practical modelling scenario concerning UBER is used to carry out a preliminary evaluation of the proposal.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2019 IEEE 23rd International Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference, EDOC 2019
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781728127026
Publication statusPublished - 30 Dec 2019
Event23rd IEEE International Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference, EDOCW 2019: the Enterprise Computing conference - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris, France
Duration: 28 Oct 201931 Oct 2019
Conference number: 23


Conference23rd IEEE International Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference, EDOCW 2019
Abbreviated titleIEEE EDOC 2019


  • ArchiMate
  • Business Process Management (BPM)
  • Conceptual Model
  • Digital Innovation (DI)
  • Digital Transformation (DT)
  • Enterprise Architecture (EA)
  • Ontology


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