A refined four-stream radiative transfer model for row-planted crops

Xu Ma, Tiejun Wang, Lei Lu (Corresponding Author)

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Abstract

In modeling the canopy reflectance of row-planted crops, neglecting horizontal radiative transfer may lead to an inaccurate representation of vegetation energy balance and further cause uncertainty in the simulation of canopy reflectance at larger viewing zenith angles. To reduce this systematic deviation, here we refined the four-stream radiative transfer equations by considering horizontal radiation through the lateral “walls”, considered the radiative transfer between rows, then proposed a modified four-stream (MFS) radiative transfer model using single and multiple scattering. We validated the MFS model using both computer simulations and in situ measurements, and found that the MFS model can be used to simulate crop canopy reflectance at different growth stages with an accuracy comparable to the computer simulations (RMSE < 0.002 in the red band, RMSE < 0.019 in NIR band). Moreover, the MFS model can be successfully used to simulate the reflectance of continuous (RMSE = 0.012) and row crop canopies (RMSE < 0.023), and therefore addressed the large viewing zenith angle problems in the previous row model based on four-stream radiative transfer equations. Our results demonstrate that horizontal radiation is an important factor that needs to be considered in modeling the canopy reflectance of row-planted crops. Hence, the refined four-stream radiative transfer model is applicable to the real world.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1290
Pages (from-to)1-28
Number of pages28
JournalRemote sensing
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • ITC-ISI-JOURNAL-ARTICLE
  • ITC-GOLD

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