A review of biomaterials in bone defect healing, remaining shortcomings and future opportunities for bone tissue engineering: The unsolved challenge

T. Winkler, F. A. Sass, G.N. Duda (Corresponding Author), K. Schmidt-Bleek

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)
82 Downloads (Pure)


Despite its intrinsic ability to regenerate form and function after injury, bone tissue can be challenged by a multitude of pathological conditions. While innovative approaches have helped to unravel the cascades of bone healing, this knowledge has so far not improved the clinical outcomes of bone defect treatment. Recent findings have allowed us to gain in-depth knowledge about the physiological conditions and biological principles of bone regeneration. Now it is time to transfer the lessons learned from bone healing to the challenging scenarios in defects and employ innovative technologies to enable biomaterial-based strategies for bone defect healing. This review aims to provide an overview on endogenous cascades of bone material formation and how these are transferred to new perspectives in biomaterial-driven approaches in bone regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-243
Number of pages12
JournalBone and Joint Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018



  • Biomaterials
  • Bone
  • Fracture
  • Healing phases
  • Mineralization
  • Scaffold

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