A Review on Reinforcement of Natural Rubber by Silica Fillers for Use in Low-Rolling Resistance Tires

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High dispersion silica has recently become the preferred alternative to carbon black for low rolling resistance tyres. However, the combination of natural rubber with silica and a coupling agent remains a challenge, but also offers a tremendous potential for reduction of energy consumption of transport. This paper gives an overview of the recent studies on silica reinforcement in natural rubber (NR) and its importance in tyre technology. Recent work on optimisation of the mixing process of silica in NR compounds and the influence of non-rubber constituents such as proteins on silica reinforcement are highlighted. The utilisation of modified NR such as epoxidised NR, and deproteinised NR are the methods of choice to enhance the compatibility between NR and silica, as well as to minimise the interference of proteins with coupling agents. A better understanding of the problems encountered with NR/silica systems will facilitate the further development of silica technology for NR, especially for use in highly filled silica tyre compounds.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-233
JournalJournal of rubber research
Volume18
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

fillers (equipment)
Rolling resistance
tires
Rubber
rubber
Tires
Silicon Dioxide
silica
Fillers
Reinforcement
Coupling agents
Soot
Proteins
Energy utilization
proteins

Keywords

  • IR-101096
  • METIS-316233

Cite this

@article{31b54843d3f549c2988fcb6b14bdb847,
title = "A Review on Reinforcement of Natural Rubber by Silica Fillers for Use in Low-Rolling Resistance Tires",
abstract = "High dispersion silica has recently become the preferred alternative to carbon black for low rolling resistance tyres. However, the combination of natural rubber with silica and a coupling agent remains a challenge, but also offers a tremendous potential for reduction of energy consumption of transport. This paper gives an overview of the recent studies on silica reinforcement in natural rubber (NR) and its importance in tyre technology. Recent work on optimisation of the mixing process of silica in NR compounds and the influence of non-rubber constituents such as proteins on silica reinforcement are highlighted. The utilisation of modified NR such as epoxidised NR, and deproteinised NR are the methods of choice to enhance the compatibility between NR and silica, as well as to minimise the interference of proteins with coupling agents. A better understanding of the problems encountered with NR/silica systems will facilitate the further development of silica technology for NR, especially for use in highly filled silica tyre compounds.",
keywords = "IR-101096, METIS-316233",
author = "S.S. Sarkawi and Wisut Kaewsakul and Kannika Sahakaro and Dierkes, {Wilma K.} and Noordermeer, {Jacobus W.M.}",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "203--233",
journal = "Journal of rubber research",
issn = "1511-1768",
publisher = "Malaysian Rubber Board",
number = "4",

}

A Review on Reinforcement of Natural Rubber by Silica Fillers for Use in Low-Rolling Resistance Tires. / Sarkawi, S.S.; Kaewsakul, Wisut; Sahakaro, Kannika; Dierkes, Wilma K.; Noordermeer, Jacobus W.M.

In: Journal of rubber research, Vol. 18, No. 4, 2015, p. 203-233.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Review on Reinforcement of Natural Rubber by Silica Fillers for Use in Low-Rolling Resistance Tires

AU - Sarkawi, S.S.

AU - Kaewsakul, Wisut

AU - Sahakaro, Kannika

AU - Dierkes, Wilma K.

AU - Noordermeer, Jacobus W.M.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - High dispersion silica has recently become the preferred alternative to carbon black for low rolling resistance tyres. However, the combination of natural rubber with silica and a coupling agent remains a challenge, but also offers a tremendous potential for reduction of energy consumption of transport. This paper gives an overview of the recent studies on silica reinforcement in natural rubber (NR) and its importance in tyre technology. Recent work on optimisation of the mixing process of silica in NR compounds and the influence of non-rubber constituents such as proteins on silica reinforcement are highlighted. The utilisation of modified NR such as epoxidised NR, and deproteinised NR are the methods of choice to enhance the compatibility between NR and silica, as well as to minimise the interference of proteins with coupling agents. A better understanding of the problems encountered with NR/silica systems will facilitate the further development of silica technology for NR, especially for use in highly filled silica tyre compounds.

AB - High dispersion silica has recently become the preferred alternative to carbon black for low rolling resistance tyres. However, the combination of natural rubber with silica and a coupling agent remains a challenge, but also offers a tremendous potential for reduction of energy consumption of transport. This paper gives an overview of the recent studies on silica reinforcement in natural rubber (NR) and its importance in tyre technology. Recent work on optimisation of the mixing process of silica in NR compounds and the influence of non-rubber constituents such as proteins on silica reinforcement are highlighted. The utilisation of modified NR such as epoxidised NR, and deproteinised NR are the methods of choice to enhance the compatibility between NR and silica, as well as to minimise the interference of proteins with coupling agents. A better understanding of the problems encountered with NR/silica systems will facilitate the further development of silica technology for NR, especially for use in highly filled silica tyre compounds.

KW - IR-101096

KW - METIS-316233

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 203

EP - 233

JO - Journal of rubber research

JF - Journal of rubber research

SN - 1511-1768

IS - 4

ER -