A semi-supervised learning detection method for vision-based monitoring of construction sites by integrating teacher-student networks and data augmentation

Bo Xiao, Yuxuan Zhang, Yuan Chen, Xianfei Yin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Recently, deep-learning detection methods have achieved huge success in the vision-based monitoring of construction sites in terms of safety control and productivity analysis. However, deep-learning detection methods require large-scale datasets for training purposes, and such datasets are difficult to develop due to the limited accessibility of construction images and the need for labor-intensive annotations. To address this problem, this research proposes a semi-supervised learning detection method for construction site monitoring based on teacher–student networks and data augmentation. The proposed method requires a limited number of labeled data to achieve high detection performance in construction scenarios. Initially, the proposed method trains the teacher object detector with labeled data following weak data augmentation. Next, the trained teacher object detector generates pseudo-detection results from unlabeled images that have been weakly augmented. Finally, the student object detector is trained with the pseudo-detection results and unlabeled images that have been both weakly and strongly augmented. In our experiments, 10,000 annotated construction images from the Alberta Construction Image Dataset (ACID) have been divided into a training set (70%) and a validation set (30%). The proposed method achieved a 91% mean average precision (mAP) on the validation set while only requiring 30% of the training set. In comparison, the existing supervised learning method ResNet50 Faster R-CNN achieved a mAP of 90.8% when training on the full training set. These experimental results show the potential of the proposed method in terms of reducing the time, effort, and costs spent on developing construction datasets. As such, this research has explored the potential of semi-supervised learning methods and increased the practicality of vision-based monitoring systems in the construction industry.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101372
Number of pages14
JournalAdvanced engineering informatics
Volume50
Early online date11 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Construction sites
  • Data augmentation
  • Deep learning
  • Object detection
  • Teacher-student networks
  • Vision-based monitoring

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