A Spectrum Sensing Technique for Cognitive Radios in the Presence of Harmonic Images

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    16 Citations (Scopus)
    144 Downloads (Pure)


    Abstract—Harmonic downmixing is an important effect that must be taken into account when performing sensitive spectrum sensing using direct-conversion receivers. When the local oscillator waveform contains harmonics of the fundamental frequency, the quadrature mixer in the receiver will downconvert RF signals found at these harmonics, termed harmonic images, in addition to the RF signals around the fundamental frequency. The harmonic images will be detected by power spectral density based sensing algorithms and will cause certain parts of the desired spectrum to be mistakenly flagged as occupied. Although harmonic downmixing is important to consider, it is an often negelected effect. This paper presents a harmonic rejection spectral sensing technique, that exploits two quadrature mixers. The mixers work with different LO frequencies, which decorrelate the harmonic images so that cross-correlation of their outputs renders an improved spectral estimate. In addition to rejecting the harmonic images, spurious signals entering the receiver through the analog baseband inputs will also be rejected. The frequency resolutionof the spectral estimate is scalable and the rejection of the harmonic images increases 15 dB per 1000-fold increase of the correlation time. The complexity of the algorithm is analyzed and its performance is shown by means of simulations. The effect of I/Q imbalance is also taken into account.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2008 IEEE Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks Conference (DySPAN)
    Place of PublicationPiscataway
    Number of pages10
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4244-2017-9
    Publication statusPublished - 14 Oct 2008
    EventIEEE Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks Conference 2008 - Chicago, United States
    Duration: 14 Oct 200817 Oct 2008

    Publication series

    PublisherIEEE Computer Society Press


    ConferenceIEEE Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks Conference 2008
    Abbreviated titleDySPAN 2008
    Country/TerritoryUnited States
    Internet address


    • EWI-14995
    • IR-65357
    • METIS-255473


    Dive into the research topics of 'A Spectrum Sensing Technique for Cognitive Radios in the Presence of Harmonic Images'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this