A systematic review of anatomic predictors of abdominal aortic aneurysm remodeling after endovascular repair

Rianne E. van Rijswijk*, Erik Groot Jebbink, Clark J.A.M. Zeebregts, Michel M.P.J. Reijnen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
113 Downloads (Pure)


Objective: The long-term outcomes after endovascular abdominal aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) have been inferior to those after open surgical repair with regard to reinterventions and late mortality. AAA sac remodeling after EVAR has been associated with endoleaks, reinterventions, and mortality. Therefore, knowledge of the predictors of AAA sac remodeling could indirectly give insight into the long-term EVAR outcomes. In the present review, we aimed to provide an overview of the evidence for anatomic predictors of positive and negative AAA sac remodeling after EVAR.

Methods: A systematic literature review and analysis were conducted in accordance with the PRISMA (preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses) and Cochrane guidelines. The PubMed and Scopus databases were searched using terms of AAA sac growth, shrinkage, and remodeling. Eligible studies were identified, and only those studies that had included currently used endografts were included.

Results: A total of 19 studies that had reported on a total of 27 anatomic parameters of the aortoiliac anatomy were included. Only 4 parameters had been investigated by more than five studies, 7 parameters were investigated by three to five studies, 7 parameters were investigated by two studies, and 9 parameters were investigated by one study. For the presence of neck thrombus, three of four studies had reported similar results, indicating that the presence of neck thrombus might predict for less AAA sac shrinkage. AAA thrombus, the total AAA volume, the flow-lumen volume, aortic calcification, and the number of hostile neck parameters were only investigated by two to three studies. However, these parameters seemed promising for the prediction of sac remodeling. For hostile neck anatomy, neck length, infrarenal neck angulation, and patency of the inferior mesenteric artery, no significant association with any category of AAA sac remodeling was found.

Conclusions: The present review demonstrates neck thrombus, AAA thrombus, number of hostile neck parameters, total AAA volume, AAA flow-lumen volume, and aortic calcification as important anatomic features that are likely to play a role in AAA remodeling after endovascular repair and should be further explored using advanced imaging techniques. We also found that strong, consistent evidence regarding the anatomic predictors of AAA sac remodeling after EVAR is lacking. Therefore, further research with large patient groups for a broad range of predictors of AAA sac change after EVAR is needed to complement the current gap in the evidence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1777-1785
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of vascular surgery
Issue number5
Early online date20 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022


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