A TES x-ray microcalorimeter-array for imaging spectroscopy

P.A.J. de Korte, H.F.C. Hoevers, J.W.A. den Herder, J.A.M. Bleeker, W.M. Bergmann Tiest, M.P. Bruijn, M.L. Ridder, R.J. Wiegerink, J.S. Kaastra, J. van der Kuur, W.A. Mels

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Development of single pixel X-ray microcalorimeters at our institutes, employing superconducting-to-normal phase transition thermometers operating at about 100 mK, generally called Transition-Edge-Sensors (TES), has now resulted in an energy resolution of 3.9 eV FWHM for 5.89 keV X-rays in combination with a response time of 100 μs. Pixel arrays of these detectors, presently under development, will allow for unprecedented X-ray spectroscopy of spatially extended cosmic X-ray sources such as clusters of galaxies, supernova remnants, the galactic diffuse X-ray background and the warm-hot intergalactic medium. Optimisation of these cryogenic imaging detectors around 1 keV, in combination with large-area X-ray optics, makes them the most suitable sensor for study of the formation and evolution of hot matter in the universe at large redshift. This detector concept is therefore included in the model payload of the XEUS mission, presently under study by ESA and ISAS. Smaller scale low energy X-ray spectroscopy missions could however generate significant progress in the understanding of supernova remnants, cluster of galaxies and galactic and intergalactic diffuse X-ray emission. This paper presents some science cases, which make explicit use of the unique combination of high efficiency, high spectral resolution and imaging of cryogenic X-ray imaging spectrometers. Furthermore it discusses the present development status of these imaging spectrometers at our institutes, their operating principles and expected performance figures.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationX-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy
    Subtitle of host publication24-28 August, 2002, Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA
    EditorsJoachim Truemper, Harvey D. Tananbaum
    PublisherSPIE
    Pages779-789
    Number of pages11
    ISBN (Print)9780819446305
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 24 Aug 2002
    EventSPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation 2002 - Waikola, United States
    Duration: 22 Aug 200228 Aug 2002

    Publication series

    NameProceedings of SPIE
    PublisherSPIE
    Volume4851
    ISSN (Print)0277-786X

    Conference

    ConferenceSPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation 2002
    CountryUnited States
    CityWaikola
    Period22/08/0228/08/02

    Fingerprint

    calorimeters
    sensors
    spectroscopy
    x rays
    imaging spectrometers
    supernova remnants
    cryogenics
    detectors
    pixels
    galaxies
    intergalactic media
    thermometers
    geometrical optics
    European Space Agency
    payloads
    spectral resolution
    universe
    optimization
    energy
    high resolution

    Keywords

    • EWI-12736
    • IR-62301

    Cite this

    de Korte, P. A. J., Hoevers, H. F. C., den Herder, J. W. A., Bleeker, J. A. M., Bergmann Tiest, W. M., Bruijn, M. P., ... Mels, W. A. (2002). A TES x-ray microcalorimeter-array for imaging spectroscopy. In J. Truemper, & H. D. Tananbaum (Eds.), X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy: 24-28 August, 2002, Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA (pp. 779-789). (Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 4851). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.461170
    de Korte, P.A.J. ; Hoevers, H.F.C. ; den Herder, J.W.A. ; Bleeker, J.A.M. ; Bergmann Tiest, W.M. ; Bruijn, M.P. ; Ridder, M.L. ; Wiegerink, R.J. ; Kaastra, J.S. ; van der Kuur, J. ; Mels, W.A. / A TES x-ray microcalorimeter-array for imaging spectroscopy. X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy: 24-28 August, 2002, Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA. editor / Joachim Truemper ; Harvey D. Tananbaum. SPIE, 2002. pp. 779-789 (Proceedings of SPIE).
    @inproceedings{b550816f1f7449108f4af02126bf2c45,
    title = "A TES x-ray microcalorimeter-array for imaging spectroscopy",
    abstract = "Development of single pixel X-ray microcalorimeters at our institutes, employing superconducting-to-normal phase transition thermometers operating at about 100 mK, generally called Transition-Edge-Sensors (TES), has now resulted in an energy resolution of 3.9 eV FWHM for 5.89 keV X-rays in combination with a response time of 100 μs. Pixel arrays of these detectors, presently under development, will allow for unprecedented X-ray spectroscopy of spatially extended cosmic X-ray sources such as clusters of galaxies, supernova remnants, the galactic diffuse X-ray background and the warm-hot intergalactic medium. Optimisation of these cryogenic imaging detectors around 1 keV, in combination with large-area X-ray optics, makes them the most suitable sensor for study of the formation and evolution of hot matter in the universe at large redshift. This detector concept is therefore included in the model payload of the XEUS mission, presently under study by ESA and ISAS. Smaller scale low energy X-ray spectroscopy missions could however generate significant progress in the understanding of supernova remnants, cluster of galaxies and galactic and intergalactic diffuse X-ray emission. This paper presents some science cases, which make explicit use of the unique combination of high efficiency, high spectral resolution and imaging of cryogenic X-ray imaging spectrometers. Furthermore it discusses the present development status of these imaging spectrometers at our institutes, their operating principles and expected performance figures.",
    keywords = "EWI-12736, IR-62301",
    author = "{de Korte}, P.A.J. and H.F.C. Hoevers and {den Herder}, J.W.A. and J.A.M. Bleeker and {Bergmann Tiest}, W.M. and M.P. Bruijn and M.L. Ridder and R.J. Wiegerink and J.S. Kaastra and {van der Kuur}, J. and W.A. Mels",
    year = "2002",
    month = "8",
    day = "24",
    doi = "10.1117/12.461170",
    language = "English",
    isbn = "9780819446305",
    series = "Proceedings of SPIE",
    publisher = "SPIE",
    pages = "779--789",
    editor = "Joachim Truemper and Tananbaum, {Harvey D.}",
    booktitle = "X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy",
    address = "United States",

    }

    de Korte, PAJ, Hoevers, HFC, den Herder, JWA, Bleeker, JAM, Bergmann Tiest, WM, Bruijn, MP, Ridder, ML, Wiegerink, RJ, Kaastra, JS, van der Kuur, J & Mels, WA 2002, A TES x-ray microcalorimeter-array for imaging spectroscopy. in J Truemper & HD Tananbaum (eds), X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy: 24-28 August, 2002, Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA. Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 4851, SPIE, pp. 779-789, SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation 2002, Waikola, United States, 22/08/02. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.461170

    A TES x-ray microcalorimeter-array for imaging spectroscopy. / de Korte, P.A.J.; Hoevers, H.F.C.; den Herder, J.W.A.; Bleeker, J.A.M.; Bergmann Tiest, W.M.; Bruijn, M.P.; Ridder, M.L.; Wiegerink, R.J.; Kaastra, J.S.; van der Kuur, J.; Mels, W.A.

    X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy: 24-28 August, 2002, Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA. ed. / Joachim Truemper; Harvey D. Tananbaum. SPIE, 2002. p. 779-789 (Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 4851).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    TY - GEN

    T1 - A TES x-ray microcalorimeter-array for imaging spectroscopy

    AU - de Korte, P.A.J.

    AU - Hoevers, H.F.C.

    AU - den Herder, J.W.A.

    AU - Bleeker, J.A.M.

    AU - Bergmann Tiest, W.M.

    AU - Bruijn, M.P.

    AU - Ridder, M.L.

    AU - Wiegerink, R.J.

    AU - Kaastra, J.S.

    AU - van der Kuur, J.

    AU - Mels, W.A.

    PY - 2002/8/24

    Y1 - 2002/8/24

    N2 - Development of single pixel X-ray microcalorimeters at our institutes, employing superconducting-to-normal phase transition thermometers operating at about 100 mK, generally called Transition-Edge-Sensors (TES), has now resulted in an energy resolution of 3.9 eV FWHM for 5.89 keV X-rays in combination with a response time of 100 μs. Pixel arrays of these detectors, presently under development, will allow for unprecedented X-ray spectroscopy of spatially extended cosmic X-ray sources such as clusters of galaxies, supernova remnants, the galactic diffuse X-ray background and the warm-hot intergalactic medium. Optimisation of these cryogenic imaging detectors around 1 keV, in combination with large-area X-ray optics, makes them the most suitable sensor for study of the formation and evolution of hot matter in the universe at large redshift. This detector concept is therefore included in the model payload of the XEUS mission, presently under study by ESA and ISAS. Smaller scale low energy X-ray spectroscopy missions could however generate significant progress in the understanding of supernova remnants, cluster of galaxies and galactic and intergalactic diffuse X-ray emission. This paper presents some science cases, which make explicit use of the unique combination of high efficiency, high spectral resolution and imaging of cryogenic X-ray imaging spectrometers. Furthermore it discusses the present development status of these imaging spectrometers at our institutes, their operating principles and expected performance figures.

    AB - Development of single pixel X-ray microcalorimeters at our institutes, employing superconducting-to-normal phase transition thermometers operating at about 100 mK, generally called Transition-Edge-Sensors (TES), has now resulted in an energy resolution of 3.9 eV FWHM for 5.89 keV X-rays in combination with a response time of 100 μs. Pixel arrays of these detectors, presently under development, will allow for unprecedented X-ray spectroscopy of spatially extended cosmic X-ray sources such as clusters of galaxies, supernova remnants, the galactic diffuse X-ray background and the warm-hot intergalactic medium. Optimisation of these cryogenic imaging detectors around 1 keV, in combination with large-area X-ray optics, makes them the most suitable sensor for study of the formation and evolution of hot matter in the universe at large redshift. This detector concept is therefore included in the model payload of the XEUS mission, presently under study by ESA and ISAS. Smaller scale low energy X-ray spectroscopy missions could however generate significant progress in the understanding of supernova remnants, cluster of galaxies and galactic and intergalactic diffuse X-ray emission. This paper presents some science cases, which make explicit use of the unique combination of high efficiency, high spectral resolution and imaging of cryogenic X-ray imaging spectrometers. Furthermore it discusses the present development status of these imaging spectrometers at our institutes, their operating principles and expected performance figures.

    KW - EWI-12736

    KW - IR-62301

    U2 - 10.1117/12.461170

    DO - 10.1117/12.461170

    M3 - Conference contribution

    SN - 9780819446305

    T3 - Proceedings of SPIE

    SP - 779

    EP - 789

    BT - X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy

    A2 - Truemper, Joachim

    A2 - Tananbaum, Harvey D.

    PB - SPIE

    ER -

    de Korte PAJ, Hoevers HFC, den Herder JWA, Bleeker JAM, Bergmann Tiest WM, Bruijn MP et al. A TES x-ray microcalorimeter-array for imaging spectroscopy. In Truemper J, Tananbaum HD, editors, X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy: 24-28 August, 2002, Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA. SPIE. 2002. p. 779-789. (Proceedings of SPIE). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.461170