A TES x-ray microcalorimeter-array for imaging spectroscopy

P.A.J. de Korte, H.F.C. Hoevers, J.W.A. den Herder, J.A.M. Bleeker, W.M. Bergmann Tiest, M.P. Bruijn, M.L. Ridder, R.J. Wiegerink, J.S. Kaastra, J. van der Kuur, W.A. Mels

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Development of single pixel X-ray microcalorimeters at our institutes, employing superconducting-to-normal phase transition thermometers operating at about 100 mK, generally called Transition-Edge-Sensors (TES), has now resulted in an energy resolution of 3.9 eV FWHM for 5.89 keV X-rays in combination with a response time of 100 μs. Pixel arrays of these detectors, presently under development, will allow for unprecedented X-ray spectroscopy of spatially extended cosmic X-ray sources such as clusters of galaxies, supernova remnants, the galactic diffuse X-ray background and the warm-hot intergalactic medium. Optimisation of these cryogenic imaging detectors around 1 keV, in combination with large-area X-ray optics, makes them the most suitable sensor for study of the formation and evolution of hot matter in the universe at large redshift. This detector concept is therefore included in the model payload of the XEUS mission, presently under study by ESA and ISAS. Smaller scale low energy X-ray spectroscopy missions could however generate significant progress in the understanding of supernova remnants, cluster of galaxies and galactic and intergalactic diffuse X-ray emission. This paper presents some science cases, which make explicit use of the unique combination of high efficiency, high spectral resolution and imaging of cryogenic X-ray imaging spectrometers. Furthermore it discusses the present development status of these imaging spectrometers at our institutes, their operating principles and expected performance figures.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationX-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy
Subtitle of host publication24-28 August, 2002, Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA
EditorsJoachim Truemper, Harvey D. Tananbaum
PublisherSPIE
Pages779-789
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)9780819446305
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Aug 2002
EventSPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation 2002 - Waikola, United States
Duration: 22 Aug 200228 Aug 2002

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE
PublisherSPIE
Volume4851
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Conference

ConferenceSPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation 2002
CountryUnited States
CityWaikola
Period22/08/0228/08/02

Fingerprint

calorimeters
sensors
spectroscopy
x rays
imaging spectrometers
supernova remnants
cryogenics
detectors
pixels
galaxies
intergalactic media
thermometers
geometrical optics
European Space Agency
payloads
spectral resolution
universe
optimization
energy
high resolution

Keywords

  • EWI-12736
  • IR-62301

Cite this

de Korte, P. A. J., Hoevers, H. F. C., den Herder, J. W. A., Bleeker, J. A. M., Bergmann Tiest, W. M., Bruijn, M. P., ... Mels, W. A. (2002). A TES x-ray microcalorimeter-array for imaging spectroscopy. In J. Truemper, & H. D. Tananbaum (Eds.), X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy: 24-28 August, 2002, Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA (pp. 779-789). (Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 4851). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.461170
de Korte, P.A.J. ; Hoevers, H.F.C. ; den Herder, J.W.A. ; Bleeker, J.A.M. ; Bergmann Tiest, W.M. ; Bruijn, M.P. ; Ridder, M.L. ; Wiegerink, R.J. ; Kaastra, J.S. ; van der Kuur, J. ; Mels, W.A. / A TES x-ray microcalorimeter-array for imaging spectroscopy. X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy: 24-28 August, 2002, Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA. editor / Joachim Truemper ; Harvey D. Tananbaum. SPIE, 2002. pp. 779-789 (Proceedings of SPIE).
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abstract = "Development of single pixel X-ray microcalorimeters at our institutes, employing superconducting-to-normal phase transition thermometers operating at about 100 mK, generally called Transition-Edge-Sensors (TES), has now resulted in an energy resolution of 3.9 eV FWHM for 5.89 keV X-rays in combination with a response time of 100 μs. Pixel arrays of these detectors, presently under development, will allow for unprecedented X-ray spectroscopy of spatially extended cosmic X-ray sources such as clusters of galaxies, supernova remnants, the galactic diffuse X-ray background and the warm-hot intergalactic medium. Optimisation of these cryogenic imaging detectors around 1 keV, in combination with large-area X-ray optics, makes them the most suitable sensor for study of the formation and evolution of hot matter in the universe at large redshift. This detector concept is therefore included in the model payload of the XEUS mission, presently under study by ESA and ISAS. Smaller scale low energy X-ray spectroscopy missions could however generate significant progress in the understanding of supernova remnants, cluster of galaxies and galactic and intergalactic diffuse X-ray emission. This paper presents some science cases, which make explicit use of the unique combination of high efficiency, high spectral resolution and imaging of cryogenic X-ray imaging spectrometers. Furthermore it discusses the present development status of these imaging spectrometers at our institutes, their operating principles and expected performance figures.",
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author = "{de Korte}, P.A.J. and H.F.C. Hoevers and {den Herder}, J.W.A. and J.A.M. Bleeker and {Bergmann Tiest}, W.M. and M.P. Bruijn and M.L. Ridder and R.J. Wiegerink and J.S. Kaastra and {van der Kuur}, J. and W.A. Mels",
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de Korte, PAJ, Hoevers, HFC, den Herder, JWA, Bleeker, JAM, Bergmann Tiest, WM, Bruijn, MP, Ridder, ML, Wiegerink, RJ, Kaastra, JS, van der Kuur, J & Mels, WA 2002, A TES x-ray microcalorimeter-array for imaging spectroscopy. in J Truemper & HD Tananbaum (eds), X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy: 24-28 August, 2002, Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA. Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 4851, SPIE, pp. 779-789, SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation 2002, Waikola, United States, 22/08/02. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.461170

A TES x-ray microcalorimeter-array for imaging spectroscopy. / de Korte, P.A.J.; Hoevers, H.F.C.; den Herder, J.W.A.; Bleeker, J.A.M.; Bergmann Tiest, W.M.; Bruijn, M.P.; Ridder, M.L.; Wiegerink, R.J.; Kaastra, J.S.; van der Kuur, J.; Mels, W.A.

X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy: 24-28 August, 2002, Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA. ed. / Joachim Truemper; Harvey D. Tananbaum. SPIE, 2002. p. 779-789 (Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 4851).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Wiegerink, R.J.

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N2 - Development of single pixel X-ray microcalorimeters at our institutes, employing superconducting-to-normal phase transition thermometers operating at about 100 mK, generally called Transition-Edge-Sensors (TES), has now resulted in an energy resolution of 3.9 eV FWHM for 5.89 keV X-rays in combination with a response time of 100 μs. Pixel arrays of these detectors, presently under development, will allow for unprecedented X-ray spectroscopy of spatially extended cosmic X-ray sources such as clusters of galaxies, supernova remnants, the galactic diffuse X-ray background and the warm-hot intergalactic medium. Optimisation of these cryogenic imaging detectors around 1 keV, in combination with large-area X-ray optics, makes them the most suitable sensor for study of the formation and evolution of hot matter in the universe at large redshift. This detector concept is therefore included in the model payload of the XEUS mission, presently under study by ESA and ISAS. Smaller scale low energy X-ray spectroscopy missions could however generate significant progress in the understanding of supernova remnants, cluster of galaxies and galactic and intergalactic diffuse X-ray emission. This paper presents some science cases, which make explicit use of the unique combination of high efficiency, high spectral resolution and imaging of cryogenic X-ray imaging spectrometers. Furthermore it discusses the present development status of these imaging spectrometers at our institutes, their operating principles and expected performance figures.

AB - Development of single pixel X-ray microcalorimeters at our institutes, employing superconducting-to-normal phase transition thermometers operating at about 100 mK, generally called Transition-Edge-Sensors (TES), has now resulted in an energy resolution of 3.9 eV FWHM for 5.89 keV X-rays in combination with a response time of 100 μs. Pixel arrays of these detectors, presently under development, will allow for unprecedented X-ray spectroscopy of spatially extended cosmic X-ray sources such as clusters of galaxies, supernova remnants, the galactic diffuse X-ray background and the warm-hot intergalactic medium. Optimisation of these cryogenic imaging detectors around 1 keV, in combination with large-area X-ray optics, makes them the most suitable sensor for study of the formation and evolution of hot matter in the universe at large redshift. This detector concept is therefore included in the model payload of the XEUS mission, presently under study by ESA and ISAS. Smaller scale low energy X-ray spectroscopy missions could however generate significant progress in the understanding of supernova remnants, cluster of galaxies and galactic and intergalactic diffuse X-ray emission. This paper presents some science cases, which make explicit use of the unique combination of high efficiency, high spectral resolution and imaging of cryogenic X-ray imaging spectrometers. Furthermore it discusses the present development status of these imaging spectrometers at our institutes, their operating principles and expected performance figures.

KW - EWI-12736

KW - IR-62301

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SN - 9780819446305

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EP - 789

BT - X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy

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de Korte PAJ, Hoevers HFC, den Herder JWA, Bleeker JAM, Bergmann Tiest WM, Bruijn MP et al. A TES x-ray microcalorimeter-array for imaging spectroscopy. In Truemper J, Tananbaum HD, editors, X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy: 24-28 August, 2002, Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA. SPIE. 2002. p. 779-789. (Proceedings of SPIE). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.461170