A theoretical study of collective plasmonic excitations in double-layer silicene at finite temperature

N. Dadkhah, T. Vazifehshenas*, M. Farmanbar, T. Salavati-Fard

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


We explore the temperature-dependent plasmonic modes of an n-doped double-layer silicene system which is composed of two spatially separated single layers of silicene with a distance large enough to prevent interlayer electron tunneling. By applying an externally applied electric field, we numerically obtain the poles of the loss function within the so-called random phase approximation to investigate the effects of temperature and geometry on the plasmon branches in three different regimes: topological insulator, valley-spin polarized metal, and band insulator. Also, we present the finite-temperature numerical results along with the zero-temperature analytical ones to support a discussion of the distinct effects of the external electric field and temperature on plasmon dispersion. Our results show that at zero temperature both the acoustic and optical modes decrease when the applied electric field is increased and experience a discontinuity at the valley-spin polarized metal phase as the system transitions from a topological insulator to a band insulator. At finite temperature, the optical plasmons are damped around this discontinuity, and the acoustic modes may exhibit a continuous transition. Moreover, while the optical branch of plasmons changes non-monotonically and noticeably with temperature, the acoustic branch dispersion displays a negligible growth with temperature for all phases of silicene. Furthermore, our finite-temperature results indicate that the dependency of two plasmonic branches on the interlayer separation is not affected by temperature at long wavelengths; the acoustic mode energy varies slightly with an increase in the interlayer distance, whereas the optical mode remains unchanged.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104302
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2019


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