Bragg X-ray scattering intensities are defined as scattering by the thermodynamic average electron-charge density. Purely elastic, kinematic X-ray scattering by a target in thermal equilibrium is always larger than Bragg scattering. At low temperatures, the elastic scattering becomes Bragg scattering. For large molecules, such as a crystal, at ordinary temperatures the elastic and Bragg scattering differ in a relative sense by O(N-1), where N is the number of vibrational degrees of freedom. For most practical cases the Bragg scattering is essentially the same as purely elastic scattering of X-rays.
|Journal||Acta crystallographica Section A: Crystal physics, diffraction, theoretical and general crystallography|
|Publication status||Published - 1980|
Stewart, R. F., & Feil, D. (1980). A theoretical study of elastic X-ray scattering. Acta crystallographica Section A: Crystal physics, diffraction, theoretical and general crystallography, 36, 503-509. https://doi.org/10.1107/S0567739480001155